nosocomial infections

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Amh
  • Created on: 23-04-16 12:26
how many nosocomial infections per year
100,000
1 of 19
How many nosocomial infections cause death
5000 directly and 15000 indirectly
2 of 19
how much do nosocomial infections cost
1 bil
3 of 19
What are some common nosocomial infections
hosp oneumonia, UTI, bloodstream, surgical, antibiotic diarrhoea
4 of 19
what increases the chances of nosocomial infections
Hickman, central line, peripheral Iv, cathheters
5 of 19
What places in hospitals are hostbeds 4 nosocomial infections
Special care baby and Intensive care unit
6 of 19
what are contributing factors to hospital infections
host risk factos, environmental rick, hospital micro-organisms, treatment/interventions
7 of 19
what are host risk factors
extremes of ages, immunocomprimised, surgical, impaired blood supply, medical devices
8 of 19
what are environmental risk factors
containated water, staffing and physical laoyout of facility, air conditionng, devices
9 of 19
what are some opportunistic pathoens
PseA, coagulase negative staphylococci, Aceinetobactr baumanii, enterococcus faecium, stentrophomonas maltophilia, candida albicans
10 of 19
what are some resistant micro-organisms
MRSA, VRE, Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases, carbapenase producing organisms, acinetobacter ssp, stenotrophomonas maltophillea
11 of 19
what makes up a biofilm
extracellular polyymeric substances
12 of 19
why are biofilms bad
biofilms make bacteria 1500 times more resistant
13 of 19
Who is most likeley to be contaminaed wth c dif
Phys and med students (75%) dialysis technician (66%) nurses 56% physotherapists (50%)
14 of 19
Where is c dif most likely to be founs
under fingernails
15 of 19
what is the most common blood stream infection
35% coagulase neg staphylococci and 25% staph aureus 11.2% enterococci
16 of 19
what pathogens are most likeley to cause UTIs
Coliforms, yeast enterococci
17 of 19
what pathogens are most likeley to cause surgical wound infections
20% staph aureus, 16% PsA, 15% coag neg staphylococci
18 of 19
how do you treat MRSA
Decolonisation(nasal mupirocin skin antiseptic , and systmeic antibiotics (vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolide daptomycin tetraclyc)
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many nosocomial infections cause death

Back

5000 directly and 15000 indirectly

Card 3

Front

how much do nosocomial infections cost

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are some common nosocomial infections

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what increases the chances of nosocomial infections

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all micro resources »