Norms and values

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norms
Unwritten rules in society of expected and accepted forms of behaviour
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values
general beliefs or ideas about what is write or wrong
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culture
whole way of life in a particular society (including norms and values)
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Examples of norms are:
holding the door open for other people, having lunch in particular places with particular people
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Examples of values are:
hard work, respect, punctuality, politeness
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socialisation =
the process of learning correct behaviour, norms and values
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primary socialisation =
first stage of learning (via the family). Eg- going to the toilet, learning to eat, learning to talk
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secondary socialisation =
second stage of learning. Eg- peers, school, news, tv shows
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Agents of socialisation
(PERFMW) Peers, Education, Religion, Family, Media, Work
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social stratification =
The idea that societies are divided into hierarchies
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ascribed status =
social positions are fixed at birth
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achieved status =
social positions are earned on the basis of talent or merit
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open systems =
movement up or down the strata is possible
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closed systems =
movement up or down the strata is rare
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social mobility =
the movement between the strata
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Closed system example:
The Caste System- Existed in traditional India, where people were born into a specific caste and their social position is ascribed. This system was linked to the Hindu religion.
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Closed system example (2):
Apartheid (1948-1994)- Existed in South Africa, where the government policy Apartheid ensured racial segregation between white people and black people. Limited access to all aspects of public life if you were black.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

general beliefs or ideas about what is write or wrong

Back

values

Card 3

Front

whole way of life in a particular society (including norms and values)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

holding the door open for other people, having lunch in particular places with particular people

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

hard work, respect, punctuality, politeness

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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