Non-verbal communication core theory

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Social Learning Theory
Argues that the communication is a learned behaviour rather than a natural, instinctive one.
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Observation
Paying attention and watching someone's behaviour consciously or unconsciously.
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Imitation
Behaving like others -copying them.
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Reinforcement
Reward and praise make us repeat the behaviour.
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Punishment
Negative outcome that can stop us from repeating the behaviour.
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Role models
Someone we admire and have influence.
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Cultural variation
NV communication depends on upbringing depends on upbringing and this will be different depending on your culture. If NVC is instinctive you would not expect to see cultural differences. Cultural differences are a result of the key concept.
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Criticism 1
Struggles to explain why behaviour which is punished still exist e.g frowning. Suggest that people can learn new ways of communicating but effort to teach offenders more appropriate body language have not worked well.
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Criticism 2
Does not explain why to children brought up in the same environment may have different ways of NVC. There are gesture and expressions which appear to be universal, like smiling crying etc
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An Alternative Theory- Evolutionary theory
It argues that humans being are governed by instinct. Over time we have evolved to pass on behaviors that help us survive and reproduce. Important in prehistoric times when man had not yet developed the capacity to communicate with words.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Paying attention and watching someone's behaviour consciously or unconsciously.

Back

Observation

Card 3

Front

Behaving like others -copying them.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reward and praise make us repeat the behaviour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Negative outcome that can stop us from repeating the behaviour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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