Niger Delta: Development versus environmental protection

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1. Why has this become such a big issue for the Delta Basin?

  • Companies enjoy harming local people just for the fun of it.
  • Weak governance and a reliance on oil revenue means oil companies can do whatever they want.
  • Local people are happy with the exploitation as long as they get money, so they aren't fighting to change it.
  • Good governance and no need for oil means that oil companies can do what they want.
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2. Which natural resource is the Niger Delta rich in?

  • Wood
  • Coal
  • Oil
  • Gas

3. What has exacerbated this since 2000?

  • There have been 3 large geopolitical issues (such as a civil war in 2001) which have pushed this off balance.
  • The Niger Delta has been plagued by violence, with frequent attacks on oil pipelines by militant groups.
  • Militant groups have decided to respect their need for oil to boost the economy, meaning they have left them be.
  • Oil markets have decreased, leaving the Niger Delta with no necessity for exporting oil and therefore a waste of land and money.

4. Where is the Niger Delta?

  • A delta of the Niger River, on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria.
  • A delta of the Niger River, on the Gulf of Guinea Pig on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria.
  • A delta of the Benue River, on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria.
  • A delta of the Yobe River, on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria.

5. How many damaging oil spills were there in 2014, according to Amnesty International?

  • 550
  • 450
  • 500
  • 600

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