Niger Delta

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Which country is Africa's leading oil producer
Nigeria
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Where are Nigeria's main oil reserves?
Niger Delta and offshore in Gulf of Guinea
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Which company accounts for half of the delta's oil production?
Shell
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How much oil does Nigeria produce each year
131 million tonnes
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How much oil does Nigeria export?
126 million tonnes
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What percentage of Nigeria's exports by value comes from oil?
90%
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Why could large exports of oil be bad for Nigeria?
Relying on one main export is an economic weakness
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How much natural gas does Nigeria produce?
18.5 million tonnes
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What % of gas does Nigeria export?
60%
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Why is the Niger delta significant?
Important ecosystem- Nigeria's largest surviving rainforest and 3rd largest mangrove swamp in the world
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How many species of fish are in the delta?
150
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Name 3 animals that live in the delta
Manatees, hippos and otters
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What % of west Africa's fish spawn in the Niger delta?
60%
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How long have local people used the delta sustainably?
Thousands of years
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How have people traditionally made a living?
Fishing, subsistence farming, gathering forest products and crafts based on local materials
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What problems have oil and gas industries caused the delta?
Widespread environmental damage and undermined traditional economies and cultures
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How many oil spills have there been in the delta since 1958?
Over 4000
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How did the WWF describe the delta?
One of the 5 most polluted places on the planet
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How much oil has been lost to spillage?
500 million tonnes
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What is the cost of oil leaks?
$10 million a day
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Where is environmental degradation worst?
Ogoniland
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What oil related industries are in Ogoniland?
100 oil wells, 2 refineries, a petrochemical complex and a fertiliser plant
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How was the village of Yaata affected by the oil industry?
fires, poisonous gases released, crude oil swamped farmland, forest and rivers leaving the village uninhabitable
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What problems does gas flaring cause?
Pollutes the air, causes acid rain and can cause cancer and respiratory illnesses
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What is the problem with the 6000km of high pressure gas pipes
They are old and corrode quickly because they are above ground
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Why do locals blame oil companies for the environmental disaster?
They have failed to maintain and replace the rusty pipelines that are 40-50 years old
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Why do the oil companies refuse to compensate the local people?
They blame the local people for the spillages, saying they are acts of vandalism or terrorism
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By how much has Nigeria's population grown?
38 million in 1958 to 173 million in 2013
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What impact has rapid population growth had on the delta?
Put huge pressure on resources, leading to widespread deforestation, loss of habitat, urbanisation and domestic and industrial waste
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How much do the people of the delta received from the oil?
13%
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How did the government promise to share the money from the oil with locals?
50% for government, 50% for the regions of the delta
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What facilities do most local people lack?
electricity, running water, healthcare and schools
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where are Nigeria's main oil reserves?

Back

Niger Delta and offshore in Gulf of Guinea

Card 3

Front

Which company accounts for half of the delta's oil production?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How much oil does Nigeria produce each year

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How much oil does Nigeria export?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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