New Econmic policy

Why was a new economic policy needed in Russia by 1921?
Industria production a fraction of that of pre- war. grain requisitioning = peasant uprisings. Communist government seemed to be at war with majority of population. signs of famine appearing
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Why did the Mensheviks begin increasing in support by the end of 1921?
increasing central control excersized by Lenin's government; Trotsky's solution of extending complusary service beyond the army to the work force as well.
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What was the Kronstradt Rebellion of March 1921?
Orginally supporters - now disillusioned with Lenin's rule. Many now Ukrainian; unhappy with situation= demanded end to communist party, relaxed economic controls and freedom of speech
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Who put down the Kronstradt Rebellion?
Trotsky- used elite troops of Red Army. Attacked the naval base. Took 3 weeks and those who weren't killed were sent to gulags.
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What did Lenin announce at the 10th Party Conference?
end of war communism = replaced by NEP.
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What did the NEP say/ allow?
Peasants had to give a proportion of produce to government the rest could be sold with a tax to the peasants. Private trading allowed
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What effect did the NEP?
created Nepmen. by 1922 3/4 of all trade by conducted by this group. New currency introduced in 1922 = ended high level of inflation.
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How did many communists view the NEP and what effects did it have on the party?
Betrayal- Lenin aware that it could cause splits in the party = Lenin banned fractions and all other political parties.
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What were the positive impacts of the NEP on the Russian economy?
Immediate effect. More good availble, food shortages disappeared, famine ended. Cultivated more land, livestock increased. Coal and textiles doubled.
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What were the negative impacts of the NEP of the Russian economy?
Sparked the Scissor Crisis. communists believed it encouraged greed, indepednence and self- interest.
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What was the Scissor crisis?
widening gap between agricultural and industrial prices- agricultural production rose and prices fell
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did the Mensheviks begin increasing in support by the end of 1921?

Back

increasing central control excersized by Lenin's government; Trotsky's solution of extending complusary service beyond the army to the work force as well.

Card 3

Front

What was the Kronstradt Rebellion of March 1921?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who put down the Kronstradt Rebellion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Lenin announce at the 10th Party Conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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