Neuroscience

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DAT mice (wanting)
Pecina 2007
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increase opioids, increase wanting
Berridge 2006
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decrease opioids, decrease wanting
tallet 2008
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rate food eaten less pleasent
Rolls 1983
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increased liking of novel food (pudding effect)
Rolls 1989
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OB gene - decreased lepting = fat; treat with leptin = reduce weight
Leibel 1990
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OB not commonly found in humans
Caro 1995
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FTO correlates with weight gain
Frayling 2007
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FTO effects leptin levels
DO 2008
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leisoned amygdala = no fear conditioning
Ledoux 1996
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react to fear expression from eye whites alone (unconscious)
Whalen 2004
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amygdala involved in negative valence judgements
Kim 2003
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Leisoned VMPFC = no extinction of fear response
Morgan 1993
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Activation of VMPFC (extinction) similar in humans
Phelps 2004
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Stiumation of VMPFC simulates extinction
Milad 2002
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Situation selection ER correlates with SAD
Wells 1998
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Switching attention ER correlates with reduced intensity and facial response
Urry 2010
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Reappraisal ER = effective reduction of physiological response
Jackson 2000
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Repression ER = reduced wellbeing and interpersonal relations
Gross 2003
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Exercise ER = reduces stress and improves emotion regulation
Oaten 2006
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IGT: Good performers = SCR bias; leisoned VMPFC = no SCR, poor performance
Damasio 1998
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IGT: poor performers = no SCR
Denberg 2005
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IGT: BUT good performers are consciously aware of decisions
Maia 2004
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IGT: AND 2 poor subgroups: no SCR + risk takers (experience SCR)
Chrone 2004
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FMP = lower utilitarian response due to emotional involvement
Thompson 1976
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FMP + TP = leisoned VMPFC more likely to give utilitarian response regardless
Koenings 2007
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Emotional (FMP) decisions = conflict regions active; neutral (TP) = HCF
Greene 2004
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Leisoned VMPFC = no extinction of rule, and no reverse learning of rules
Rolls 1994
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Hemispatial neglect pts unable to describe remembered landscape features contralateral to perspective
Bisiach 1978
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Prism glasses improve bissection and traditional HSN tests for 2hrs after
Rossetti 1998
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Contralateral neck muscle vibration improves HSN for 2mths after
Schindler 2001
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Spotlight metaphor: Pts give faster RTS when cued extremely quick - unable to move
Posner 1980
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Spotlight: BUT shouldn't be able to split concentration (however pts able to)
Miller 2003
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Biased competition evidenced in activation during monkey saccades
Chelazzi 1998
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Attended to information is processed better
Gazzaniga 2002
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Premotor: when cued at different location, RTs much slower regardless of distance
Rizzolatti 1994
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Stimulation in monkeys created faster RTS and better accurary responding to cued action
Moore 2004
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DLPFC, ACC, OFC involved in executive functioning
Lezak 2004
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WCST: dysexecutive pts unable to update to new rule
Miler 1963
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TMT: dysexecutive pts slower RTs and more errors
Perianez 1963
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Stroop: dysexecutive pts slower RTs and more errors
Perlstein 2006
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TOH: dysexecutive pts unable to generate strategy to solve puzzle
Newman 2008
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Reasoning: dysexecutive pts unable to generate strategy and evaluate plausability of answer
Shallice 1978
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word generation: dysexecutive pts unable to generate as many, repeat more words
Baldo 1998
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inhibition develops over time (children)
Simonds 2007
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task switching improves with age (children)
Davidson 2006
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Function of ABM: Past guide, social bonds and emotion regulation
Williams 2008
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ABM perspectives: Field: more emotional and recent memories
Nigro 1983
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Field view correlated with PTSD
McIssac 2004
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Recall more emotional and salient events
Wagnaar 1986
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Reminiscence effect - 15-30yrs
Rubin 1986
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MPFC (self), visuospatial and hippocampal regions (recall) involved in ABM
Cabeza 2004
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Childhood amnesia: Sense of self develops late (3+)
Wheeler 1997
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Childhood amnesia: sense of temporal self develops late (4-5yrs - sticker test)
Polvinelli 1998
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Childhood amneisa: different emotions experienced (less intense = less memorable)
West 1999
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Childhood amnesia: MLPFC developed (procedural), other memory structures develop slowly
Richmond 2007
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Self memory system: working self + ABKB = ABM
Conway 2000
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Berridge 2006

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increase opioids, increase wanting

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tallet 2008

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Rolls 1983

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Rolls 1989

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