Neo-marxism: Critical criminology

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What is neo-marxism influenced by?
Traditional marxists/labelling theorists.
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What is the most important neomarxist contribution to our understanding of crime?
"The new criminology."
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Who is it written by?
Taylor et al.
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In which 3ways do Taylor at al agree with traditional marxists?
1.Capitalist society is based on exploitation/class conflict. 2. The state makes and enforces law in the interests of the capitalist class. 3. Capitalism should be replaced by a classless society.
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However, the views of Taylor et al differ significantly of those of...
...traditional Marxists.
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Much of their book is...
...a critique of existing theories of crime and deviance.
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This includes both Marxist and...
...non-Marxist approaches.
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Taylor et al describe their approach as...
...critical criminology.
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Taylor et al argue that traditional Marxism is too...
...deterministic.
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For example, it sees the workers as driven to commit this crime at of...
...economic necessity.
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They also reject theories that claim crime is caused by...
...other external factors
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Such as:
...Anomie/subculutres/labelling/ biological functions.
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As Taylor et al are anti-deterministic, their view can be described as...
...voluntaristic.
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Voluntarism is the idea that we have...
...free will.
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They see the action of crime as...
...meaningful.
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Crime is a conscious choice by the...
...actor.
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They argue that crime often has a...
...political motive.
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For example:
The redistribution of wealth from the rich to the poor.
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Criminals are not passive...
...puppets whose behaviour is shaped by the nature of Capitalism.
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Criminals are deliberately striving to change...
....society.
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What do they emphasize that shows us what kind of society (according to Taylor et al) we should create?
Freedom.
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What social goals do they share with traditional Marxists?
A classless, socialist society and social equality.
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They also want...
...individual liberty/diversity.
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They argue that individuals should not be labelled as...
...deviant if they are different from the mainstream.
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Instead, people should be free to...
...live their lives as they wish.
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Taylor et al aim to create what they call a...
...'fully social theory of deviance."
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What is a 'fully social theory of deviance?'
A comprehensive understanding of crime and deviance that would help change society for the bettter.
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What 2 main sources would this theory have?
1. Traditional marxism 2.Interactionism/labelling theory
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What ideas are from Traditional Marxism?
1. The unequal distribution of wealth/who has the power to make and enforce the law.
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What ideas are from Interactionism/Labelling theory?
The deviant act for the actor/the societal reaction to it.
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According to Taylor et al, how many aspects are needed to have a complete theory of crime and deviance?
6.
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1. The wider origins of...
...a deviant act.
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2. The immediate origins of...
...a deviant act.
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3. The act...
...in itself.
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4. The immediate origins of...
...a societal reaction.
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5.The wider origins of...
...a societal reaction.
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6. The effects of...
...labelling.
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Card 2

Front

What is the most important neomarxist contribution to our understanding of crime?

Back

"The new criminology."

Card 3

Front

Who is it written by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In which 3ways do Taylor at al agree with traditional marxists?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

However, the views of Taylor et al differ significantly of those of...

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