Nazi Terror 1933-1939


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When were the SS created?
1925
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When did the SS become the main instrument in Nazi terror?
1934, after the Blood Purge
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By 1937, what did the SS have control over?
All police and security services
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What helped the sercurity services have the control they did?
A constant stream of information from informers
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What did block wardens do?
Spied on their neighbours and compiled reports on suspicious behaviour
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Who did concentration camps hold?
Socialists, communists, catholics, career criminals, asocials, homosexuals, members of the underclass
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When were Jews first sent to concentration camps?
1938, after kristallnacht
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Who was the first commandant at Dachau and played a key role in the night of the long knives where he was given the responsibility of murdering Ernst Rohm?
Theodor Eicke
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Who became cheif inspector of concentration camps and head of the 'death's head unit'?
Theodor Eicke
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When was the boycott of Jewish shops?
April 1st 1933
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Why did the boycott of Jewish shops happen?
Hitler claimed it was justified retaliation against Jewish interests in Germany and abroad who had called for a boycott of German goods
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Who carried out the boycott of Jewish shops?
SA
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Who was targeted in the boycott of Jewish shops?
Shops, businesses, professionals e.g lawyers and doctors
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Why was the boycott of Jewish shops abandoned after one day?
Many Germans refused to go along with it to show their disapproval of Nazi policies
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When was Kristallnacht?
1938
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Who was Kristallnacht orchestrated by?
Nazi leadership
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What was the reason for kristallnacht to happen?
A minor German official, Ernst vom Rath, was killed by a young Polish Jew, Herschel Grynszpan, in Paris
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Who was the cheif instigator of kristallnacht?
Josef Gobbels
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What event did kristallnacht mark the anniversary of?
15 years since the 1923 Munich putsch
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How many Jews were killed and injured in kristallnacht?
91
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Who took part in kristallnacht?
SS and SA soldiers not in uniform and a few ordinary Germans
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What was the reaction of ordinary Germans?
Most were horrified
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What was the decree issued that meant Jews had to pay for the damage themselves?
The Decree for the Restoration of the Street Scene
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did the SS become the main instrument in Nazi terror?

Back

1934, after the Blood Purge

Card 3

Front

By 1937, what did the SS have control over?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What helped the sercurity services have the control they did?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did block wardens do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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