Nazi Germany Unit 3

HideShow resource information
What is Autarky?
Self Suffient- Enough raw materials to win a war.
1 of 50
How did Germany prepare for war?
The 4 year plan, Autarky and Rearmarments
2 of 50
Who was responsible for the 4 year plan?
3 of 50
What is Biltzkreig?
Lightning war
4 of 50
Why was life good at the start of the war?
Winning because of Biltzkreig- high morale
5 of 50
When did air raids begin?
1942- began bombing cities
6 of 50
What was the purpose of air raids?
to disrupt war productions and destroy cilvilan morale
7 of 50
How many bombing missions were there?
over 1 million
8 of 50
How many were killied by bombing?
By end of the war 3.5 million
9 of 50
What damage did the bombs do?
destroyed cities and made people homeless refuges. Diddn't distrupt industry but did lower morale
10 of 50
Who bombed Germany?
USA by day, UK by night
11 of 50
How heavy was the bombing?
By 1943 it was relentless
12 of 50
What were rations like at the start of the war?
Healthy portions- highr than WW1
13 of 50
When were ration sizes reduced?
14 of 50
Why were they reduced?
Due to deafeats- Aurtarky failed- food in short supply
15 of 50
What were people encourged to do?
Eat more exotic foods like obergenes from countries they had taken over- grow their vegtables (gardens and parks dug up)
16 of 50
What things were considered luxtuaries?
Clothes and ciggerttes
17 of 50
Were rations fair?
No rich people and important Nazis got more this increased the black market
18 of 50
Who controlled the Press and Radio?
19 of 50
How important was radio?
Cheap mass produced radios so everyone had one- Loudspeakers placed in streets- Short wave radios so couldn't pick up signals from Allies
20 of 50
What was the cinema like?
Nazi traliers with a 45 minute news reel gloryfing Hitler
21 of 50
How was the newspaper controlled?
Editors were told what they were allowed to put in the paper- if they disobeyed the orders theywere sent to concentration camps
22 of 50
What were articles/books like?
Writers were made to praise Hitler
23 of 50
How did Nazis keep up morale?
Propganda posters and campains
24 of 50
When and what was the Winter war campain?
December 41- donate furs and Jumpers to soliders
25 of 50
How many were donated?
By Jan 42 1.5 million furs were donated and 67 million jumpers
26 of 50
Why were the posters so effective?
They played on the fear that the communists would win
27 of 50
Who was incharge of industry and war productions?
Albert Spear- Minister for Armaments
28 of 50
Why were there labour shortages?
Men had to go to war
29 of 50
What did working hours increase to?
60 hours a week
30 of 50
What did Spear do?
Closed small bussiness' and moved workers to big factories- increased coal and tank production
31 of 50
Where did Germany get extra resources from?
Conqured land
32 of 50
When did Nazis turn to force labour?
1942- Jews and polish
33 of 50
By 1944 they had....
7 million people working for them
34 of 50
How did life change for women?
Expected to work whilst men were fighting
35 of 50
By 1943...
women between 17-45 years old had to sign up for work
36 of 50
In 1944 what percantage of women made up the work force?
37 of 50
Nazis were...
reluctant to inculde women at first
38 of 50
What was Total War?
A policy that meant everything and everyone had to contriute towards the war- Total focus
39 of 50
When was Total war introduced?
1943 by Spear
40 of 50
How was Total war introduced?
Gobbells made a speech at the Berlin sports center- explained about scarifice
41 of 50
How did things change during Total war?
Anything that didn't contribute to the war effort was closed and workers were taken to a war factory- No professtional sports people- no manafacturing civilan clothes
42 of 50
When and where was the first death camp opened?
1942- polish boarder
43 of 50
What was their purpose?
to kill jews
44 of 50
When was the decison to kill the made and where was it made?
1942- wannsee conference
45 of 50
When were the Jews transferred to the camps?
46 of 50
Who's idea was it and who passed it?
Hitlers idea - Goering passed it
47 of 50
How did they kill them?
Gas chambers
48 of 50
Between 42-45 how many jews were killed?
6 million
49 of 50
Where were most of the camps?
poland- Auschwitz
50 of 50

Other cards in this set

Card 2


How did Germany prepare for war?


The 4 year plan, Autarky and Rearmarments

Card 3


Who was responsible for the 4 year plan?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is Biltzkreig?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Why was life good at the start of the war?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all WWII and Nazi Germany 1939-1945 resources »