Nazi Germany Key Dates

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9th November 1918
The Kaiser (Wilhelm II) leaves the throne. Weimar Republic are formed and sign the armistice. They become known as the 'November' Criminals.
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1919
The Weimar Republic sign the Treaty of Versailles (in which the main names of the clauses are remembered by the acronym LAMB).
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September 1919
Hitler joins the Nazi Party after being sent by the army in order to spy on them in one of their meeting.
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1921
Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party.
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4th November 1921
SA (Sturm Abteilung) formed. Known as Stormtroopers these were the party militia. They were also known as brownshirts because of the brown shirts that formed part of their uniform.
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8th November 1923
The Nazis try to overthrow the government but fail in the Munich Putsch. They believe they have the Bavarian's support after holding the leader's (Von Kahr) hostage and forcing his support and also the region's.
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26th February 1924
Hitler has his trial after the Munich Putsch. It lasts 5 years and while he is in prison, he writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle), in which he outlines his aims if he was the leader of the country.
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1926
Hitler Youth, League of German Worker Youth was formed. The party had had a youth section since its beginning, but this new re-organised Hitler Youth was more integrated into the SA.
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1930
The Nazi party gained 18.3% of the vote in the Reichstag elections to become the second largest party.
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July 1932
The Nazi party gained 37.4% of the vote in the Reichstag elections to become the largest party.
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January 1933
Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg
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April 1933
The Gestapo, Nazi secret police, were formed
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April 1933
The Nazis took over local government
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July 1933
All political parties except the Nazis were banned
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August 1933
President Hindenburg died. Hitler combined the post of President and Chancellor and called himself Fuhrer.
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1935
Nuremburg Laws defined German citizenship. Relationships between Jews and Aryans were banned.
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1936
Re-occupation of the Rhineland. In contravention of the terms of the Versailles Treaty, Hitler sent German troops to re-occupy the Rhineland.
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October 1936
Axis alliance concluded between Germany and Italy
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November 1936
Anti-Comintern pact concluded between Germany and Japan
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December 1936
Law concerning the Hitler Youth made membership of the Hitler Youth compulsory for all boys
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September 1938
Munich Agreement - Allies agreed that Germany could have the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia in return for peace
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November 1938
Kristallnacht - Jewish shops and synagogues were destroyed. Following the event the Jewish population was fined for the destruction.
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15th March 1939
Hitler invaded and occupied Czechoslovakia in contravention of the Munich Agreement
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August 1939
Nazi-Soviet Pact - Alliance between Hitler and Stalin which agreed to divide Poland between the two countries.
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1st September 1939
Hitler invaded Poland using Blitzkrieg (lightning war) tactics. Although the Poles fought back they were quickly defeated and Poland was occupied.
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3rd September 1939
Britain and France declared war on Germany
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April and May 1940
April - Denmark and Norway invaded and occupied; May - Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France invaded and occupied
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July 1940
Battle of Britain began - German Luftwaffe attempted to gain control of British airspace through defeat of the Royal Airforce.
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April 1941
Yugoslavia and Greece invaded and occupied
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11th December 1941
Hitler declared war on the United States. Following Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December the United States had declared war on Japan. Under the terms of the Anti-Comintern Pack Hitler was bound to declare war on the United States
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March 1943
First allied bombing raid on German cities
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June 1944
Operation Overlord, D-Day. Allied invasion of Normandy
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20th July 1944
July Bomb Plot failed attempt to assassinate Hitler.
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30th April 1945
Hitler commits suicide
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2nd May 1945
Germany surrendered ending the war in Europe
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20th November 1945
Nuremburg war crimes trial began
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The Weimar Republic sign the Treaty of Versailles (in which the main names of the clauses are remembered by the acronym LAMB).

Back

1919

Card 3

Front

Hitler joins the Nazi Party after being sent by the army in order to spy on them in one of their meeting.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

SA (Sturm Abteilung) formed. Known as Stormtroopers these were the party militia. They were also known as brownshirts because of the brown shirts that formed part of their uniform.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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