Nazi Germany.

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Who was the Armistice arranged by?
Hindenburg and Ludendorff.
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How much reparations did Germany have to pay as part of the Treaty of Versailles?
6.6bn.
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How much land/population did they lose? How much was their army reduced to?
Lost 13% territory, 12% land and army reduced to 100k.
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When did Hitler become the chairman of the NSDAP?
1921.
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When was the Spartacist uprising?
Jan 1919.
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When the Wall Street Crash happened how many people were unemployed?
1 in 3.
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What does the Power of the Will mean?
Hitler would do anything to in order to achieve his aims.
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What is Social Darwinism/Master Race?
Hitler thought there's a hierarchy of beings, and Aryans should be at the top as a Master Race.
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What does Volksgemeinschaft mean?
Everyone should work towards a People's Community.
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How would you describe National Socialism?
NSDAP had radical policies e.g. confiscation of war profits.
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Define: Anti-Democracy and belief in dictatorship.
People related democracy to something weak, citizens wanted a traditional authoritarian leader again.
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What is Aggressive Nationalism?
Reverse humiliation of Treaty of Versailles - get their lands back to secure Lebensraum.
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Give examples of some positive stereotypes.
Women - childbearers/stay at home. Aryans - tall, blond, wide hips.
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Give examples of negative stereotypes.
Homosexuals - goes against nature. Jews - responsible for Germany's . Crime to pass on a disease that resulted in a disability.
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What was the 'Stab-in-the Back'?
Ludendorff persuaded Kaiser to abdicate, armistice agreed, Ludendorff blames defeat on government and democracy.
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When did the German Revolution happen?
1918-1919.
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When was Weimar Government established?
August 1919.
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When was the Munich Putsch?
1923.
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How many armed Nazis were there?
2000.
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How many Nazis were killed?
14.
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Which prison was Hitler kept at?
Landsberg.
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How big was the membership of the SA by 1933?
300,000.
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During the economic crisis how many where unemployed and by when?
January 1932 - 6.1 million.
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How big was Hitler's party's membership by 1929?
130,000
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Between May and September 1930 how much do the votes increase by?
May - 2.6% Sept - 18.3%.
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How many seats/% vote did Nazis get in elections of July 1932?
230 setas, 37.3% votes.
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How many people had passed the public speaking training school and in what year?
6000 by 1933.
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Who was the SA led by?
Ernst Rohm.
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When was the Reichstag Fire?
February 27th 1933.
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5th March Elections, how big of a turnout was there/
88%.
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How much did the % vote of Nazis increase by, and how many seats had they won?
33.1% to 43.9% - 288 seats.
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When did the Reichstag meet at the Kroll Opera House to discuss the Enabling Act?
23 March 1933.
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How many votes did they get in order to pass the Enabling Act?
444/94.
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What did the 31st March 1933 Law entail?
Regional parliaments dissolved, then reformed Nazified.
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What did the 7th April 1933 Law entail?
Established Reich Governors.
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What happened in January 1934 to federal states?
Regional parliaments abolished.
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When did they declare a national holiday?
1st May.
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What happened on the 2nd May?
SA & SS occupied Trade Unions.
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How many DAF members were there and who was it lead by?
22 million & Robert Ley.
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When was the SPD part banned?
22nd June.
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By when did the other parties willingly dissolve?
Late June 1933.
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When did the Night of the Long Knives happen?
30th June 1934.
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How many were murdered?
200.
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When was it compulsory for civil servants to join party?
1939.
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What was the Nacht and Nebel?
Seize any person thought to be dangerous.
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What % of people did the Nazis get rid of with the Law for Restoration of Public Civil Service?
5%
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How many suspects were taken into 'protective custody' in July 1933, compared to 1939.
1933 - 25k, 1939 - 162k.
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How many Gestapo officers did Frankfurt have?
50.
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What % of investigations stemmed from voluntary denunciations?
80%.
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When was Kristallnacht?
1938.
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When did Schact develop the New Plan?
1934.
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When did Goering develop the Four Year Plan?
1936.
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In what year did they collect scrap metal from people's homes?
1937.
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What figure demonstrates how much they relied on foreign imports for raw materials?
1/3.
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How many tonnes of coal did it take to produce 1 tonne of oil?
6.
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How many spectators could the stadium be capable of holding?
100,000.
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Where did the Nazis come in the league table?
1st.
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Who was the real star of the 1936 Olympic Games?
Jesse Owens.
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When was Potsdam Day?
21st March 1933.
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By the late 1930s what % of Germans admired Hitler?
90%.
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Who was the leader of the Ministry of Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda?
Josef Goebbels.
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Who were children encouraged to denounce teachers who criticized the regime to?
Gestapo.
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Who approved textbooks?
Education Ministry.
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By 1935 how many Jews/Communists had lost their journalist jobs?
1300.
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Membership of Hitler Youth in 1936?
Almost 6 million.
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What was the 'People's Receiver'?
A short-wave radio that reached directly into people's homes.
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By 1939 what % of German households owned one?
70%.
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What was Communal Radio Listening?
Sirens would sound and everybody would have to stop work to listen to Hitler's speeches broadcasted on radio.
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How much did cinema attendance rise by?
400%.
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What was the Combat League for German Culture?
Competed for control over cultural policies.
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What was the DNB?
State-controlled news agency that gave daily directives on what newspapers could/couldn't print.
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What was the Frankfurter Zeitung?
Long-established, liberal-leaning newspaper - replaced by I.G. Farben once it took an anti-Nazi approach.
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What were the Volkisch Operas?
Music to arouse patriotic and nationalist feeling.
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What was the Eternal Jew?
A anti-Semitic propaganda film which documented Jews as uncivilised.
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What was the Triumph of the Will?
Documented 1934 Nuremberg Rally - showed world Hitler's power and strength of leadership.
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Who was Richard Strauss?
One of Germany's leading composers. President of Reich Music Chamber.
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When were other youth organisations banned by?
1936.
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When was Hitler Youth compulsory?
1939.
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By which year had 100k BDM members attended youth camps?
1937.
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What was the estimated membership of Edelweiss Pirates and when by?
2000 - 1939.
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When were Hans and Sophie Scholl caught at Munich uni?
1944.
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By 1944 how much had the attending of femals increased by?
44%,
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The Law for Restoration of the Public Civil Service purged how many uni teachers?
1200.
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When was that law passed?
April 1933.
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What % of students attended weekly sessions as part of German Students' League?
75%.
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By 1937 how many teachers had enrolled in NSLB?
97%.
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What year were textbooks approved and Nazified?
1935.
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How many NAPOLA schools were established by 1938?
21.
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By 1938 what fraction of teachers had attended ideological courses?
2/3.
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What did the Reich Entailed Farm Law do?
Protected Germany's small and medium sized farms.
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What % of farms did that law apply to?
20%.
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What did the Reich Food Estate establish? When was it initiated?
1934 - established control over prices/wages, to regulate agriculture.
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Between 1933 and 1939 how many agricultural labourers had moved to town to find work?
1.5 million
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When did nazis pass a law to reduce unemployment?
1 June 1933.
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In what year were women banned from judicial roles?
1936.
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How many marriages were there in 1934?
740k.
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When was the Marriage Law established?
1935.
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When was the Blood Protection Law established?
1935.
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In 1934 how many grocery parcels/baby clothes were distributed?
1500 grocery parcels - 172 baby clothes.
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How many children were born out of the Lebensborn programme?
11,000.
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When did the German Christians call for cleansing of un-German elements?
November 1933.
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In August 1933, what fraction of people attending Prussian synod wore Nazi uniforms?
2/3.
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In 1933 how many pastors broke away from the Reich Church?
100.
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When was the Confessional Church established?
1934.
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When was the Concordat signed?
July 1943.
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By 1935 what % of children still attended denominational schools?
65%.
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When did the Pope condemn the abandonment of the Concordat?
March 1937.
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Which Pope agreed to the dissolution of the Centre Party?
Pope Pius XI.
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Which Pope negotiated the Concordat?
Pope Pius XII.
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What % of the KPD was killed in 1933?
10%.
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How many 'slackers' were arrested in Gleiwitz?
114.
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In 1935, out of the 25k strikers, how many spent periods in prison?
4k.
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In what year was conscription for boys aged 19?
1940.
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How many boys and girls helped gathered 1942 harvest?
600k boys 1.4m girls.
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When and where did Goebbels make his Total War Speech?
Sports Palace in Berlin Feb 1943.
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When did Hitler set up the Comprehensive Deployment of Men and Women for Reich Defence Tasks?
13 Jan 1943.
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When did the Red Army launch a counter-offensive?
5 Dec 1941.
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Which SD report said there was a 'downbeat mood among the population'?
March 1944.
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When did Hitler agree to requisition of homes?
1943.
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Card 2

Front

How much reparations did Germany have to pay as part of the Treaty of Versailles?

Back

6.6bn.

Card 3

Front

How much land/population did they lose? How much was their army reduced to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did Hitler become the chairman of the NSDAP?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the Spartacist uprising?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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