Nazi Consolidation of power - notes

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Violence and Terror: SA
Jan 1933, the SA were the Nazi's main instrument of terror - highlighted by rapid expansion from 500,000 to 3M a year later. Activities gained legal authority - socialists and communists placed in concentration camps (near 27,000 july 1933)
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Violence and Terror: Reichstag Fire
Feb 1933, Van der Lubbe claimed responsibility. Nazis seized attack as a communist plot and used opportunity to introduce the Emergency Decree
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Violence and intimidation: Enabling Act
March 1933, required 2 thirds of Reichstag had to remove themselves from power. Communists were banned from taking seats, Centre party were ruled off with threats, only SPD ruled against act - this didn't matter.
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Violence and Terror: The Night of the Long Knives
June 1934, ruthless purge of the SA - SS acted on Hitlers behalf, SA leadership eliminated and other political opponents. *SA ambitions were a serious threat to army, SA had been confiscating weapons etc
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Compromise and Concession:Army
Even after Hitler gained dictatorial powers the army remained one of the institutions which could remove him from office. Hammerstein (army chief) organised a dinner (feb 1933) which Hitler set out plans for rearmament, reassured that he would not...
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undermine arm's role. In return army gave a freehand in a dictatorship.
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Compromise and Concession: Big Business
20th Feb 1933, Hitler met with leading industrialists to ask for financial support for Nazi election campaign and secured donations of 3M Rm. Big businesses would benefit from a anti-communist government. But the extreamism of some Nazi leaders...
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Worried them. Hitler stopped attacks on capitalist enterprise parties
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Compromise and Concession: The Civil Service
Their support was based on a misunderstanding. A powerful state would be created by Nazis and run by non-political, expert administrators. The 'revolution from below' would impose incompetent Nazi activists in local government and undermine efforts..
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to build an alliance with conservative forces in society.
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Extent of compromise towards conservative forces...
Army was untouched by Gleichshaultung, businesses didn't entirely escape it civil service was untouched.
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Violence and Terror: Reichstag Fire

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Feb 1933, Van der Lubbe claimed responsibility. Nazis seized attack as a communist plot and used opportunity to introduce the Emergency Decree

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Violence and intimidation: Enabling Act

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Card 4

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Violence and Terror: The Night of the Long Knives

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Compromise and Concession:Army

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