Nazi consolidation of power

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The use of terror...
The SA unleased a reign of terror against political opponents by both 'underground' and legal (1933) means,
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Thousands of Socialist and Communist opponents were imprisoned in makeshift concentration camps (27,000 in 70 camps by July 1933), their newspapers were suspended.
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However, terror alone could not guarantee that Nazis would remain in power.
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Enabling Act
Violence and intimidation ensured that two-thirds would vote for this act to become part of law.
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Reichstag Fire
Potentially seen as a propaganda method, a dutch communist was arrested whilst the Nazis claimed it was a communist plot to start a revolution.
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The Night of the Long Knives
A ruthless purge of the SA when the SS, acting on Hitler's behalf, eliminated the leadership of the SA and other political opponents.
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... Securing army support
Despite this, Hitler accepted full responsibility saying he was compelled to act in order to save Germany from an SA coup.
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Compromise and Concessions to powerful institutions: the army
Outlined plans for rearmament, he wouldn't undermine army role as a powerful institution - in return thy gave him a free hand in establishing a dictatorship.
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... the Gleichschaltung
Army was not affected by the aim of 'forcing into line'
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Big Businessses
He needed strong businesses to help achieve his aims of reviving the economy and rearmament. Nazis then had to stop attacks on large capitalist enterprises.
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The Civil Service
Their support was based on a misunderstanding-they realised this when Nazi activists took over running of local state gov*.
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Propaganda
Headed by Joseph Gobbels - could use full state legal powers to control the media.
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Card 2

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Thousands of Socialist and Communist opponents were imprisoned in makeshift concentration camps (27,000 in 70 camps by July 1933), their newspapers were suspended.

Card 3

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...

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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Enabling Act

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Reichstag Fire

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