Nazi War Economy 1939-45

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What was the population of Bohemia-Moravia (which Germany annexed)?
7,845,000
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What were the assets of Bohemia-Moravia?
Steel works, coal, engineering, weapons factories
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What was the population of Austria (which Germany annexed)?
6.7million
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What were the assets of Austria?
Coal, copper, lignite, textiles, chemicals, steel works
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What percentage of oil did Germany have to import in 1938?
60%
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By September 1939, what were the monthly requirements of oil for the military?
7.25m
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In one year how many barrels of oil were produced by each of the Maikop, Grozny and Baku oil refineries?
19m
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By May 1940 how many less workers were there than the year before?
3.5m
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Between 1939-40 the production of consumer goods increased by what percentage?
16%
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Name some of the competing agencies who were responsible for the planning of the war economy?
The office of the Four Year Plan, the Ministry for Labour, the Ministry of Economic, the Ministry of Armaments and Production
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Operation Barbarossa saw military expenditure rise from 17.2billion Reichsmarks in 1939 to?
55.9billion in 1942
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By the end of 1940 how many foreign workers were there in Germany?
2million
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In 1941 how many workers were drafted into the armed forces?
1.7million
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How was the German labour force rapidly mobilised for war?
By the summer of 1941 55% of the workforce was involved in war-related projects
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The first two years of wear saw what % decline in civilian consumption?
20%
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What marred the actual mobilisation of the German economy?
Inefficiency and poor-coordination
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When did Speer replace Todt as Armaments Minister?
8th February 1943
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When appointed Armaments Minister, what immediate steps did Speer take to deal with competing agencies?
He persuaded Hitler to sign a decree on 21st March 1942 subordinating all aspects of the economy to arms production, and thereby himself
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Why did the Germans focus on producing complex weaponry? and to what consequence?
It brought higher profits to businesses, but slowed down production and reduced the quantities of armaments and equipment available to the armed forces
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Give an example of the different armed forces and their manufacturers exaggerating their needs in the competition from resources?
Aircraft factories had demanded four times the amount of aluminium per aircraft than was neded
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How did Speer deal with armed forces exaggerating their needs for resources?
He made companies surrender their stockpiles and tied the allocation of raw materials to production targets
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How did armaments production increase during Speer's first year of office?
It doubled
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By 1943 the amount of iron and steel used to produce an average ton of armaments had decreased by?
Over a half
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By 1944 Speer had managed to reduce the number of models of combat aircraft in production from 42 to?
5
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By the beginning of 1943 Soviet industry was turning out how many tanks to every one produced by Germany?
4
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How did Germany's aircraft production compare to that of the three main Allied powers?
It was less than 1/5 of it
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In 1943 what was the combined production of machine guns for the Allies and for Germany?
Allies: 1.11M, Germany: 165,527
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In 1940 the German sphere of influence in Europe had a population of?
290M
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During the French occupation how many Reichmarks' worth of goods was taken from them?
An estimated 7.7 billion
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Why was labour production in France (a conquered territory) only a quarter of what it was in Germany?
Low morale, poor health and nutrition among workers, and probably considerable ideological reluctance
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In 1943-4 what % of coal used in Germany came from conquered territories?
30%
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What % of those Soviet prisoners of war captured by the end of 1942 were used as workers?
5%
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Why did Hitler veto the idea of conscripting German women between 45 and 50 for labour service?
He believed it would affect their ability to look after their husbands and families
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What role could women play in the war effort according to Nazi propaganda?
Behave responsible as consumers, keep the family clothed and fed in difficult economic circumstances
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Between 1939 and 1944 the total number of German women in paid employment increased by?
Just over 200,000
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In the course of the war how many foreign workers were drafted into German industry?
8,435,000
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What did Speer's influence depend upon?
The smooth cooperation with other interest parting such as Göring and the armed forces officers
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When did Goebbels declare total war?
18th February 1943
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What did the propaganda ministry link to idea of total war to?
Loyalty to Hitler
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Why did Hitler veto any further increases in income tax?
He feared it would arouse popular hostility
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How many skilled workers were conscripted in 1941?
1.7M
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By the end of 1942 how many foreign workers worked in Germany?
6.4M
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Why were conquered territories not exploited with economic efficiency?
The SS remained a law unto themselves
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By 1944 Speer had cut the types of vehicles from 55 to?
14
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Card 2

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What were the assets of Bohemia-Moravia?

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Steel works, coal, engineering, weapons factories

Card 3

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What was the population of Austria (which Germany annexed)?

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Card 4

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What were the assets of Austria?

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Card 5

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What percentage of oil did Germany have to import in 1938?

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