Nazi Beliefs

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Why and when did ordinary Germans begin to support extreme parties?
After the crisis of 1923, as the Nazis offered a better future and something for everyone.
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When did the Nazis begin?
1919, as a small political group.
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What did Hitler join in 1919?
The German Workers' Party.
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What did Hitler do after taking over as the leader of the German Workers' Party?
He changed its name to the National Socialists (Nazis)
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What did Hitler explain in his book, Mein Kampf?
A 25-point programme.
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What are key features of Nazi ideology?
Lebensraum, a strong germany, Furher, social darwinism, autarky, and Germany was in danger.
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What was Lebensraum?
The need for 'living space' for Germany to expand.
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How would they achieve a strong Germany?
Abolish the Treaty of Versailles and unite German-speaking people in one country.
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What was a Fuhrer?
A single leader with complete power, rather than a democracy.
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What was social Darwinism?
The idea that the Aryan race was superior and the Jews were subhuman.
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What was autarky?
The idea that Germany should be economically self-sufficient.
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What did Nazis believe Germany was threatened by?
The communists and the Jews, who had to be destroyed.
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What did the Nazis try to be in the 1920s?
All things to all people.
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What 4 words describes the 25-point programme's policies?
Socialist, nationalist, racist and facist.
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What were some socialist ideas?
Farmers should be given their land, pensions should improve and public industries (electricity and water) should be owned by the state.
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What were some nationalist ideas?
All German-speaking people should be united in 1 country, the Treaty of Versailles should be abolished and there should be special laws for foreigners.
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What were some racist ideas?
Jews should not be German citizens and immigration should be stopped.
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What were some facist ideas?
A strong central government and to be able to control the newspapers.
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Who were the Nazis popular with?
Nationalists, racists, farmers, lower middle-class people (e.g. plumbers and shopkeepers) who were worried about the current chaos and rich people who were worried about communism.
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Who were the Nazis unpopular with?
Working men who voted communist and intellectuals (students and university professors).
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Who did Hitler put in charge of Nazi propaganda?
Josef Goebbels.
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What methods of campaigning did the Nazis use in the 1920s?
Radio, mass rallies, newspapers (e.g. Der Sturmer), Hitler's speeches and posters.
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How did Nazis appeal to the ordinary German citizen?
They used crude slogans to introduce their ideas.
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What did the Nazis refer to the Slavs as?
Untermensch.
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Card 2

Front

When did the Nazis begin?

Back

1919, as a small political group.

Card 3

Front

What did Hitler join in 1919?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Hitler do after taking over as the leader of the German Workers' Party?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Hitler explain in his book, Mein Kampf?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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