Religious Studies- Natural Moral Law (Completed)

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  • Created by: 11tibi
  • Created on: 06-02-17 22:31
What does the universe have according to NML?
A natural order that works to achieve a 'end' or a 'purpose.
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How are humans relevant to end according to Aristotle?
Humans are part of the natural world so they have a purpose or end.
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What is the ultimate purpose?
To be in fellowship with god and be perfect in his image
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What do humans have to do to reach this purpose?
Act in a certain way according to Natural Law so that our image develops
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Who created NML?
God.
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Who is Aristotle?
Aristotle is the person that first influenced the theory. Developed it's first aspects.
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What did Aristotle say?
Said that objects are driven towards a goal and that all actions are driven towards this.
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What did Aristotle say was our end goal?
To be happy, live life in a certain way and use reason. (live well and fulfilled)
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Who is Aquinas?
Aquinas is the person that Aristotle's theory to fit in with christian ideals.
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What did Aquinas believe?
That we are naturally good as we are part of the natural world?
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What did Aquinas say about reasoning in decisions?
That sometimes we reason wrongly about things we think are good but aren't actually when looking at NML.
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Why is reasoning wrongly a problem?
Because it doesn't develop perfection.
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How do you develop correct reasoning?
By cultivating certain virtues.
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What is the first cardinal virtue to be cultivated?
Prudence (reservation)
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What is the second cardinal virtue that should be cultivated?
Temperance (control)
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What is the third cardinal virtue that should be cultivated?
Fortitude (strength)
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What is the fourth cardinal virtue that should be cultivated?
Justice
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What is the first theological virtue that should be cultivated?
Faith
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What is the second theological virtue that should be cultivated?
Hope
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What is the third theological virtue that should be cultivated?
Charity
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Why are these called theological virtues?
Because they are revealed by the bible.
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How can these virtues be fully perfected and cultivated?
By following the primary precepts
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What is the first primary precept?
Preserve life
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What is the second primary precept?
Reproduce
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What is the third primary precept?
Educate
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What is the fourth primary precept?
Worship God
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What is the fifth primary precept?
Keep Order
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Why should the primary precepts be followed?
Because they help people reach the required ends.
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What are secondary precepts?
Secondary precepts are those that are derived from the primary precepts.
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What is one example of a secondary precept?
'Do not steal' which is reflected off of the primary precept 'keep order'.
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Whats the difference between primary and secondary precepts?
Primary precepts are always and universally true, without exception. Secondary precepts aren't universal and therefore may not hold in certain circumstances.
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What is one strength of NML? (1)
It is clear on how it is applied. I.e. the primary precepts are clearly justified and identified.
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What is one weakness of NML? (1)
It doesn't give a clear definition for what's natural. Is natural an action that is common to a group?
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What is one strength of NML? (2)
It is a universal law which isn't relative to any culture or religion.
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What is one weakness of NML? (2)
Human nature seems to change. I.e. debate about homosexuality has raised q's about whats normal.
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Card 2

Front

How are humans relevant to end according to Aristotle?

Back

Humans are part of the natural world so they have a purpose or end.

Card 3

Front

What is the ultimate purpose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do humans have to do to reach this purpose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who created NML?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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