Nationalism Key Words

Nation
a collection of people bound together by shared values and traditions, a common language, religion and history, and usually occupying the same geographical area
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Patriotism
a sentiment / psychological attachment to one`s nation, literally a 'love of one`s country'
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Chauvinism
uncritical and unreasoned dedication to a cause or group, typically based on belief in its superiority, as in 'national chauvinism' or 'male chauvinism'
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Xenophobia
a fear or hatred of foreigners; pathological ethnocentrism
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Colonisation
the theory or practise of establishing control over a foriegn territory, usually by settlement or economic domination
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Political Nationalism
a form of nationalism that regards the nation as a natural political community, usually expressed through the idea of national self-determination
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Cultural Nationalism
a form of nationalism that places primary emphasis on the regeneration of the nation as a distinctive civilization rather than on self-government
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Ethnic Nationalism
a form of nationalism that is fuelled primarily by a keen sense of ethnic distinctiveness and the desire to preserve it
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Primordialism
the belief that nations are ancient and deep-rooted, fashioned variously out of psychology, culture and biology
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Civic Nationalism
a form of nationalism that emphasizes political allegiance based on a vision of a community of equal citizens, allowing respect for ethnic and cultural diversity that doesn`t challenge core civic values
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Ethnicity
a sentiment of loyalty towards a particular population, cultural group or territorial area; bonds that are cultural rather than racial
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Constructivism
the theory that meaning is imposed on the external world by the beleifs and assumtions we hold; reality is a social construct
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Sovereignty
the principle of absolute or unrestricted power expressed either as unchallengeable legal authority or unquestionable political power
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General Will
the genuine interests of a collective body, equivalent to the common good; the will of all, provided each person acts selflessly
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Nation-State
a sovereign political association within which citizenship and nationality overlap; one nation within a single state
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Unification
the process through which a collection of seperate political entities, usually sharing cultural characteristics, are integrated into a single state
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Independence
the process through which a nation is liberated from foreign rule, usually involving the establishment of sovereign statehood
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Seperatism
the quest to secede from a larger political formation with a view to establishing an independent state
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Volksgeist
(German) literally meaning the spirit of the people; the organic identity of a people reflected in their culture and particularly in their language
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Culturalism
the belief that human beings are culturally-defined creatures, culture being the universal basis for perosnal and social identity
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Internationalism
theory or practise of politics based on transnational or global cooperation.
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Free Trade
a system of trading between states that is unrestricted by tariffs or other forms of protectionism
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Tribalism
group behaviour characterized by insularity and exclusivity, typically fuelled by hostility towards rival groups
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Thatcherism
the free market/strong state ideological stance associated with Margaret Thatcher; the UK version of the new right political project
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Supranationalism
the ability of bodies with transnational or global jursdictions to impose thier will on nation-states
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Militarism
the achievement of ends by military means, or the extension of military ideas, values and practises to civilian society
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Imperialism
the extension of control by one country over another, whether by overt, political means or through economic domination
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Jingoism
a mood of nationalist enthusiasm and public celebration provoked by military expansion or imperial conquest
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Pan-nationalism
a style of nationalism that is dedicated to unifying a disparate people either through expansionism or political solidarity
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Racialism
a belief that racial divisions are politically significant, either because races should live apart or because they possess different qualities and are thus suited to different social roles
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Ethical Nationalism
theory that the rights of, and obligations towards, members of one`s own nation should enjoy moral priority over those related to members of other nations: a stance implying moral relativism
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Transnational Community
a community whose cultural identity, political allegiances and psychological orientations cut across or transcend national borders
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Moral Cosmopolitanism
beleif the world constitutes a single moral community, in that people have obligations towards all other people in the world, regardless of nationality, religion, ethnicity etc
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Political / Legal / Institutional Cosmopolitanism
beleif there should be global political institutions, and possibly a world government
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Ethnic Cleansing
a euphamism that refers to the focible expulsion of an ethnic group or groups in the cause of racial purity, often involving genocidal violence
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Self-Determination
term suggesting people who have a just claim to nationhood should be granted the right to form thier own government and to determine for themselves the manner in which they are governed.
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Culture
refers mainly to the dominant historical experience, traditions, values and attitudes shared by a people who consider themselves to have a common identity - language being a key feature
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Gemeinschaft
politically the term refers to the collection of factors which help to make a people think of themselves as a single, seperate community
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a sentiment / psychological attachment to one`s nation, literally a 'love of one`s country'

Back

Patriotism

Card 3

Front

uncritical and unreasoned dedication to a cause or group, typically based on belief in its superiority, as in 'national chauvinism' or 'male chauvinism'

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a fear or hatred of foreigners; pathological ethnocentrism

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the theory or practise of establishing control over a foriegn territory, usually by settlement or economic domination

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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