National Campaigns and Disease Eradication

Which diseases have been eradicated through global campaigns?
Small Pox in 1980 and Guinea Worm
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Which disease has almost been eradicated?
Polio
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When was the vaccine invented?
1952
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What were the effects of polio?
Killed/paralysed 600,000 people a year
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When did the GPEI (Global Polio Eradication Institute) begin distributing the vaccine?
1988
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Where were the only cases in 2011?
Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan - aid workers killed by military so GPEI pulled out
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Which countries were found to have cases of Polio in 2013?
Syria and Iraq
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Where is Mauritius located?
The Indian Ocean, an Island off Africa
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Malaria
Endemic in the mid-nineteenth century. Killed 1/8 people in 1867
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When were the government campaigns to eliminate malaria?
1948-1951 - major governments backed the campaign and buildings and breeding sited were sprayed with DDT.
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What did the incidence decrease to?
0.6 per 1000, from 6 per 1000
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When did the WHO declare Mauritius a malaria eradicated zone?
1973
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When did Cyclone Gervaise strike?
1975 - migrant workers employed in reconstruction introduced the malaria parasite back onto the island. Floodwaters provided new breeding grounds
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What did the government do in 1982?
DDT spraying (still going today), predatory fish that eat mosquito larvae were introduced and the population were administered the anti-malaria drug Chloroquine
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How many are screened for malaria at the International Airport per year?
175,000 - takes 4 hours per person and the person remains under surveillance for 4 months, with blood samples taken fortnightly
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Where is Guinea Worm present?
Ghana in West Africa
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What does the Ghana Red Cross Women's clubs do?
Teaches female volunteers how the Guinea Worm is transmitted and how this can be prevented, volunteers then visit villages and educated local communities
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Why are female volunteers used?
The males work outside of villages so it is the women who source the water
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What are the responsibilities of the female volunteers?
Monitering, identifying and reporting new cases, ensuring the infected don't contaminate water sources, distributing, checking and replacing water filters that remove the fleas and identify water sources
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How many cases did WHO report in 1989?
179,000
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When was the last case?
2010
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which disease has almost been eradicated?

Back

Polio

Card 3

Front

When was the vaccine invented?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the effects of polio?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did the GPEI (Global Polio Eradication Institute) begin distributing the vaccine?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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