NAT 5 MUSIC MELODY/HARMONY

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  • Created on: 27-12-15 17:09
NAT 5 MUSIC MELODY/HARMONY
Mary Lynch
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Atonal
A 20th century term describing music that is not tonal (not wrote in any key) and can freely use any notes. Composers - Schoenberg, Webern, and Berg.
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Atonal
Music that does not have a specific key but uses notes freely.
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Chord Progression (I, IV, V and VI in major keys)
A sequence of chord changes. Chords I,IV,V AND VI are built on the 1st,4th,5th and 6th notes of any scale; in major scales chords I,IV and V are always major, while chord VI is minor.
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Chromatic Scale
A scale or a musical passage that moves in semitones. (For example C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C)
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Cluster Chord
A bunch of adjacent notes played together (usually applies to piano music).
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Contrary Motion
Where 2 musical parts more in opposite directions.
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Countermelody
A 2nd melody that complements the main melody and will usually also move in a different rhythm, as a counterpoint.
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Descant (voice)
A decorative extra part sung at a higher pitch above the main melody. Common in early sacred music and in choral music.
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Glissando
To slide smoothly between 2 notes that are some distance apart. with all the notes between being played very rapidly.
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Grace Note
An ornament where a rapid additional note or notes are used to decorate a melody.
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Imperfect Cadence
2 chords (such as I-IV or II-V) that create he effect of a pause or 'comma' in a piece of music.
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Inverted Pedal
A note that is sustained or constantly repeated in an upper part while other parts below change.
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Melismatic
In vocal music, where several notes are sung to a single syllable, as in early religious plainsong.
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Modulation
When music changes from one key to another.
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Perfect Cadence
2 chords(such as V-I) that create the effect of an ending or 'full stop' to a phrase or entire piece of music . The PLAGAL CADENCE (IV-I) produces the same effect.
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Pitch Blend
'Bending' a note away from it's natural pitch.
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Semitone
Half a tone. (For example G-G# or B flat-B)
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Syllabic
In vocal music, where only one note is sung to every syllable, the opposite of MELISMATIC MUSIC.
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Tone
Two semitone. (For example G-A or C-D)
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Trill
An ornament where 2 notes a semitone or tone apart alternate rapidly between each other.
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Whole-tone Scale
A scale that moves only in tones, for example C D E F# G# Bflat C.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A 20th century term describing music that is not tonal (not wrote in any key) and can freely use any notes. Composers - Schoenberg, Webern, and Berg.

Back

Atonal

Card 3

Front

Music that does not have a specific key but uses notes freely.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A sequence of chord changes. Chords I,IV,V AND VI are built on the 1st,4th,5th and 6th notes of any scale; in major scales chords I,IV and V are always major, while chord VI is minor.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A scale or a musical passage that moves in semitones. (For example C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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