Mussolini's Foreign Policy (8 marks)

Explain why the catholic church supported Mussolini's rise to power in Italy in the period 1919-1922.
No Clear Foreign policy "master plan" . "To make Italy great , respected and feared" , He wanted to redress the grievances Italy had with the Peace Treaties at the end of WW1. Recreate glory Roman Empire-military and economic resources limited this
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Explain the aims of Mussolini's foreign policy in the 1920s.
aimed to portray himself as a major statesman by signing Locarno Pact and his role in League of Nations- aimed to gain prestige and respect for Italy- gained by signing pacts-probritish-SpreadFascism- spread influence-Corfu, Fiume, Africa, Balkans
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Explain the aims of Mussolini's foreign policy in the 1930's
Less restrained and pursued more assertive policy, convinced future lay with young virile states like Italy and Germany, took actions to establish Italy as major power
3 of 11
Explain the aims of Mussolini's foreign policy in the 1930's
Pursued his goals relentlessly and recklessly, more aggressive policy distracted public opinion away from problems at home- success=bolster Fascist regime- rise of Nazis= opened italian ambitions and oppertunities.
4 of 11
Explain why Mussolini decided to invade Abyssinia in 1935.
Desire for revenge for the humiliating Italian defeat by Ethiopia 1896 - Mussolini hoped to prove the superiority of Fascism by succeding where former Italian regimes had failed.
5 of 11
Explain why Mussolini decided to invade Abyssinia in 1935.
Mussolini wanted to use the war to distract the Italian people from Italy's economic difficulties and other Fascist policies such as the Battle for Births. Victory= nationalism= popularity Desire to expand Italian Empire like glory of Roman Empire.
6 of 11
Explain why Mussolini decided to invade Abyssinia in 1935.
Belief Abyssinia had oil reserves= economic benifits. Britain and France would not intervene following Stresa Conference. League Of Nations appeared weak=unopposed attack.increase personal prestige. Impress Other Leaders ie Hitler.
7 of 11
Explain why Mussolini decided to invade Abyssinia in 1935.
Enhance claim to be a gr8 power.Large numbers of colonial troops would be available for future invasions.Abyssinia lacked means to fight war. Conveniant to attack other surrounding countries.
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Explain why Mussolini decided to involve Italy in the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
Mussolini believed the nationalists in Spain would introduce Fascism . To gain respect for Italy and boost the prestige of Mussolini and Italy internationally. Gain more influence in the Med Region.
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Explain why Mussolini decided to involve Italy in the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
Hopes that naval bases in Spain would be useful for future wars. Wanted to use war as a way of fighting the socailist threat from the French. Hoped a victory would boost the superior power of Italy. Wanted to impress Hitler and other world leaders.
10 of 11
Explain why Mussolini decided to involve Italy in the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
Hoped a victory would unite people and distract from domestic hardships.He wanted further military sucess after Abyssinia. He wanted to test Italian equiptment in preparation for future wars.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Explain the aims of Mussolini's foreign policy in the 1920s.

Back

aimed to portray himself as a major statesman by signing Locarno Pact and his role in League of Nations- aimed to gain prestige and respect for Italy- gained by signing pacts-probritish-SpreadFascism- spread influence-Corfu, Fiume, Africa, Balkans

Card 3

Front

Explain the aims of Mussolini's foreign policy in the 1930's

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain the aims of Mussolini's foreign policy in the 1930's

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain why Mussolini decided to invade Abyssinia in 1935.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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