Musical Periods, Key Composers and their Dates

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Renaissance Dates
1450-1600
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Renaissance Characteristics
Sacred vocal music, usually a capella, polyphonic textures, modal tonality, functional harmony, lots of imitation.
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Renaissance Composers
Dowland, Tallice, Monteverdi, Byrd, Weelkes, Gabrieli, Palestrina
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Tallice
1505-1585
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Palestrina
1525-1594
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Byrd
1543-1623
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Gabrieli
1555-1612
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Dowland
1563-1626
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Monteverdi
1567-1643
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Weelkes
1576-1623
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Renaissance Set Works
Taverner: O Wilhelme, Pastor Bone
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Baroque Dates
1600-1750
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Baroque Characteristics
Terraced dynamics, use of harpsichord and chamber organ, polyphonic textures, basso continuo, strings, major/minor key system, single affekt (one mood), functional harmony
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Baroque Composers
Purcell, Handel, Vivaldi, Bach
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Purcell
1659-1695
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Vivaldi
1678-1741
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Bach
1685-1750
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Handel
1685-1759
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Baroque Set Works
Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No 4 and Sweelinck: Pavana Lachrimae
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Classical Dates
1750-1810
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Classical Characteristics
Balanced phrases, homophony, use of piano, diatonic/functional harmony, alberti bass, expanded orchestra, more woodwind
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Classical Composers
Beethoven, Haydn, Mozart
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Haydn
1732-1809
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Mozart
1756-1791
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Beethoven
1770-1827
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Classical Set Works
Haydn: Quoniam tu Solus (Nelson Mass) and Beethoven: Septet in Eb
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Romantic Dates
1810-1910
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Romantic Characteristics
Passionate, expressive, developed piano, greater freedom (form, orchestra grew: introduced brass), tonality, programme music
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Romantic Composers
Beethoven, Debussy, Chopin, Schumann, Wagner, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Verdi
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Beethoven
1770-1827
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Chopin
1810-1849
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Schumann
1810-1856
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Wagner
1813-1883
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Verdi
1813-1901
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Brahms
1833-1897
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Tchaikovsky
1840-1893
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Debussy
1862-1918
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Romantic Set Works
Wagner: Prelude to Tristan und Isolde, Schumann: Kinderscenen, Debussy: Pour le Piano, Sarabande
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20th Century (Art Music) Dates
1900-
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20th Century (Art Music) Characteristics
Extremes of everything, Impressionism, Expressionism, Neoclassical, Minimalism, Serialism, Jazz, non-functional harmony, atonality, chromaticism
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20th Century (Art Music) Composers
Debussy, Schoenberg, Stravinsky, Britten, Stockhausen, Messiaen
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Debussy
1862-1918
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Schoenberg
1874-1951
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Stravinsky
1882-1971
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Messiaen
1908-1992
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Britten
1913-1976
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Stockhausen
1928-2007
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20th Century (Art Music) Set Works
Debussy: Pour le Piano, Sarabande, Webern: Quartet Op.22
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Blues/Jazz Dates
1900-
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Blues/Jazz Characteristics
12 bar blues, swung rhythm, improvised, added 7ths/9ths in chords, walking bass, front line melody instruments, rhythm section,
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Blues/Jazz Composers
Armstrong, Parker, Davis, Ellington, Basey
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Duke Ellington
1899-1974
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Louis Armstrong
1901-1971
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Count Basey
1904-1984
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Charlie Parker
1920-1955
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Miles Davis
1926-1991
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Blues/Jazz Set Works
Ellington: Black and Tan Fantasy
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Popular Styles Dates
1950-
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Popular Styles Characteristics
Film music, pop, rock, rap, reggae, indie, dance, house. Electronic, synthesised sounds, repetition, song form
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Popular Styles Set Works
Horner: Take Her to the Sea, Mr Murdoch from Titanic, Red Stripe: Yellow Bird
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Card 2

Front

Sacred vocal music, usually a capella, polyphonic textures, modal tonality, functional harmony, lots of imitation.

Back

Renaissance Characteristics

Card 3

Front

Dowland, Tallice, Monteverdi, Byrd, Weelkes, Gabrieli, Palestrina

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1505-1585

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1525-1594

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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