Music Listening

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  • Created by: JakeyMc
  • Created on: 05-04-14 15:05
32-bar song form
Pop music, four 8-bar sections, 3 is middle 8
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accent
type of articulation to emphasise/stress a note
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anitphonal
structure where 2 groups play at different times
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aria
solo from a opera or oratorio
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articulation
directions telling the performer how a piece of music should be played
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augmentation
multiplying the lengths of notes in a tune to get a new version of it
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ballard
a song that tells a story
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balaphon
West African wooden xylaphone
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bansuri/venu
bamboo flute used in Indian music
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Baroque
music style in the 17th and early 18th centuary, lots of ornaments
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basso continuo
continues bass part in Baroque music, played on harpsichord and cello
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bells up
a technique used by clarinet and oboe players to produce a harsher sound
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bent notes
when a player starts above or bellow a note and bends to it
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bi-rythms
when a time signature is divided up into two different patterns of beats
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binary form
music in two distinct sections
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blue notes
flattened notes in the blues scale
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blues
late 19th and 20th century music style from America
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blues scale
A major scale with flattened 3rd, 7th and sometimes 5th
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boogie-woogie bass
bass line that uses notes of chords 1, 4 and 5 in a dotted boogie-woogie rythm
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brass instruments
metal instruments played by buzzing the lips
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bridge
section used to link two different chunks together
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cadenza
section of a concerto for a soloist
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call and response
short melody followed by a answering phrae
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calypso
type of Caribbean music
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canon
same tune is played by two or more parts, each coming in separately and at regular intervals
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chamber music
performed by small groups, originally designed to be played in peoples bedrooms
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chord
three or more notes played at the same time
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chromatic harmony
when notes in the accompaniment don't belong to the key of the piece
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Classical
music composed in Europe in the late 18th and early 19th centuarys
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coda
the ending
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compound time
time signature with 6, 9 or 12 as the top number
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con arco
played with the bow
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con sordino
played with a mute
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concerto
piece for a soloist is a orchestra
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concords
chords that sound nice and don't clash
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conjunct
melody is smooth, small jumps between notes
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conosance
chords and intervals that sound nice and don't clash
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counter melody
extra tune played at the same time as the main tune
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crescendo
getting louder
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cross-rythms
when two or more rhythms that don't fit together are played at the same time
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cyclic form
where a common theme runs throughout the movements
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da capo aria
an aria in ternary form
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development
second section in sonata form where ideas develop
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diatonic harmony
when the notes in the accompaniment belong to the key of the piece
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diminuendo
get quieter
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diminution
dividing the lengths of notes in a tune in order to get a new version of it (opposite of augmentation)
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discords
chords that clash
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disjunct
when there are big jumps between notes in a melody
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dissonance
chords and intervals that clash
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distortion
guitar effects that distort the note
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dominant
fith note of the scale
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dominant key
key based on the fith note of the scale
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donno
African drum shaped like an hour glass, hit with a stick
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dotted rythms
when a dot is added to a note it increases its value by half
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double stopping
two strings play two notes at the same time
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drone
a long, held note
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dundun
double-headed African drum played with sticks
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duple metre
two equal beats in a bar
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dynamics
how loud or quiet the music is
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electronic effects
effects used to change the timbre of instruments
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episode
contrasting sections in rondo form
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exposition
first section of sonata form
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falsettp
males sing notes in the female range
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figured bass
notation used for continuo parts, bass notes + chords
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flanger
guitar effect like phaser but more intense
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free metre
music with no pattern to the beats
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glissando
slide between notes
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ground bass
repeating bass part
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guiro
Caribbean instrument you scrape
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harmonium
keyboard powered by air
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harpsichord
keyboard like a piano, used in baroque
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hemiola
two bars of simple time are played as if three bars of simple duple time
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homophony
tune accompanied by chords
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imitation
when a phrase is repeated with a little vartaition
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imperfect cadence
1,2 of 4 to 5
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interval
gap between two notes, played on e after the other or at the same time
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introduction
opening section
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irregular metre
type of metre where notes in a bar a grouped together to form un-even beats
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jazz
music with lots of improvisation and syncopation
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layering
playing lots of loops at the same time
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loop
recording of a short section of sound which is played over and over again
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major
key which sounds happy and bright
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marcato
play every note with an accent
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metre
pattern made by the beats in a bar
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middle 8
8 bar bridge section in a pop song
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minor
key that sounds sad and mournful
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minuet and trio
piece in ternary form, often used as the third movement in a sonata or symphonony
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modulation
changing key
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monophonic
thin musical texture, just a tune
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mute
wooden, rubber or metal gadget used to dampen brass or strings
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octave
the distance between two notes with the same letter name
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opera
drama set to music
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ornaments
twiddly notes added to a tune to make it more interesting
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ostinato
repeated bass part
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outro
the ending in pop music
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pedal note
a repeated note in the bass part
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perfect cadence
chord 5 to 1
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perfect intervals
interval between the 1st and 4th notes of a scale, 1st and 5th notes of a octave
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phaser
guitar effect that makes a whooshing sound
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phrases
a few bars or notes that are grouped together
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pitch shifting
a guitar effect that adds harmonic intrest
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pivot chord
a chord used to modulate between keys, the chord is in both keys
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pizzicato
plucking a string instrument
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pholyphonic
texture were two or more tunes are playing at the same time
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polyrythms
two or more rhythms that fit together are played at the same time
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portamento
slide between notes
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pulse
speed and pattern of the beats
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quadruple metre
music with four equal beats in a bar
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raga
set of notes used in Indian music
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realisation
improvisation based on the chords given in figured bass
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recapitualation
third section in sonata form, ideas are played again
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refrain
main theme in rondo form
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reggae
type of Caribbean music
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regular metre
type of metre where all of the beats are the same length
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reverb
guitar effect that adds echo to the sound
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rythm'n'blues
style of music from the 50's and 60's that developed from blues
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riff
repeated phrase played over and over again
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Romantic
music style from mid 19th century to early 20th century, very dramatic and expressive
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rondo form
music structure: A,B,A,C,A,D,A,E...
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rubato
can be flexible with the speed of the music
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sacred music
church or religious music
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salsa
type of music from Cuban son and New York jazz
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sample
short sections of recorded sound
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scalic
a melody which moves using the notes of the scale
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scherzo and trio
lively third movement of a symphony or sonata
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secular music
non religious music
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sforzando
sudden, loud accent
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simple time
time signature with 2, 3 or 4 as the top number
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single melody line
one part playing with no accompaniment
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son
type of Caribbean music
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sonata
type of music with three or four movements for one or two players, first movement is always in sonata form
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sonata form
piece of music in three sections, the eposition, development and recapitulation
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staccato
play each note slightly separated and short from the notes either side of it
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string instrumet
instrument with strings
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strophic form
structure where the music is the same in every verse, only the lyrics change
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sul ponticello
play close to the bridge, for strings players
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symphony
a large piece of orchestral music in three or four movements
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syncopetion
when the accents are moved away from the main beat
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synthesised sounds
digital recreated sounds
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tempo
the speed of the piece
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tenuto
a line above or below the note which tells you to hold the note for its full length
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ternary form
three sections, middle is in a different but related key
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texture
how the chords and melody are woven together
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theme and variation form
a theme is played followed by variations of it
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through composed form
structure where the music is different in every verse
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timbre
the sound a instrument makes
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time signature
how many beats are in a bar and how long each beat is
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tone colour
timbre
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tonic
first note of the scale
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triadic
melody using notes of a triad
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triple metre
three equal beats in a bar
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triplet
three notes played in the space of two
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unison
every one plays the same notes at the same time
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utility music
music written for a purpose e.g. to be danced to
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variation
recognisable version of the main theme
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verse-chorus structure
pop music structure
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vibrato
when singers make their voice wobble
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walking bass
a bass line that moves in crochets up and down chords 1, 4 and 5
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woodwind instruments
they make a sound when you blow them
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

type of articulation to emphasise/stress a note

Back

accent

Card 3

Front

structure where 2 groups play at different times

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

solo from a opera or oratorio

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

directions telling the performer how a piece of music should be played

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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