Music - Keyterms

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Choir
A group of singers
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Orchestra
The western classical large ensemble
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Oratorio
An oratorio is a large scale, usually narrative work for orchestra and voices typically on a sacred theme
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Cadence
A cadence usually consists of two chords that provide musical punctuation at the end of a phrase or sentance
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Atonal
music wihtoug a key centre, atonal music is music that has no specific tonality
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Beat
The beat or pulse in a piece of music is the regular rythmic pattern of the music
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Blues
Follows 12 bar pattern. Deals with social problems
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Chord
The simultaneous sounding of twoor more notes (the adjective is Chordal)
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Canon
a melody which ca be repeated, delayed and layered over itself
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Chorus
A large group of singers
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Chromatic
Chromatic notes are those that do not belong to the diatonic scale
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Contrapuntal
Adjective used to describe music that uses counterpoint
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Counterpoint
A texture in which two or more melodic lines, each one significant in itself, are played togethr at the same time
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Disjunct
A disjunct melody moves by leaps, or intervals larger than 2nd. Opposite of conjuct
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Continuo
An accompanying part in instrumnetal music of the Baroque period. The continuo is played by a bass instrument (such as cello) and a harmony instument (such as harpsichord)
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Clef
A symbol placed at the beginning of a line of music that defines what the pitches of the notes are.
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Circle of 5ths
A harmonic progresion in which the root of each succeeding chord is a 5th lower (or a 4th higher) than the previous one
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Coda
A section of music that ends the piece
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Compound Time
A metre in which the main beat is a sub-divided into three equal portions (e/g a dotted-crotchet beat divided into three quavers) Opposite of simple time
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Conjuct
A conjuct melody moves by step ( i.e, in major or minor seconds) rather than by larger intervals. Opposite of disjunct
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Enharmonic
The same pitch notated in two different ways. For example, A#and Bb
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Diatonic notes
Diatonic notes are notes that belong to the scale of the key the music is currently in. For example, Bb and D are diatonic notes in they key of F major. Opposite of chromatic notes
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Dominant
The fifth note of a scale, For example, C is the dominant of F
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Falsetto
A vocal technique used by men to sing notes higher than those within their normal voice rage.
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Dorian Mode
A scale that uses the following pattern of tones (T) and semitones (S): T-s-T-T-T-s-T. Starting on D, it consists of all white notes on a keyboard: D-E-F-G-A-B-C-D
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Genre
A type of of music or musical form, such as the symphony or sacred choral music
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Hemiola
A rythmic devce in which two bars of 3/4 sound like three bars of 2/4
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Drone
A sustained note that is held in one one part while the other parts play or sing melodies against it
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Homophonic
A texture in which one part has the melody and the other parts accompany
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Monophonic
A texture that consiss of only one melodi line
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Polyphonic
A texture in which two or more melodic lines, each one significant in itself, are played together at the same time
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Heterophonic
A texturein whichdifferent versions of the same melody are heard simultaneously
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Improvisation
The process, most common in jazz, of spontaneously creatin new music as you perform
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Dynamics
How loudy or softly the music is played; the volume of the music
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Panning
Used in stereo recordings to control where the sound is coming from. Sounds can be panned to th left or right, or placed in te centre
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Pedal Note
A sustained or continuously repeated pitch, often in the bass, that is heard against chaning harmonies. When a pedal in inverted, it is heard in the middle or top of the texture
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Pizzicato
A direction to pluck notes on a string instrument
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Reverb
An effect used to alter music so that it sounds as if it were recorded in a reverberant, echoey space
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Layered
A texture made up of of independant lines which are designed to be heard together
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Loop
A short segment of music that is repeated a number of times in succestion
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Mixolydian Mode
A scale that uses the folowing patterm of tones (T) and semitones (S): T-T-s-T-T-s-T starting on G, it consists of all the white notes on a keyboard G-A-B-C-D-E-F-G
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Modulation
(1) The porcess of changing key in a passage of music (2) A digital effect that makes the music fluctuate in pitch slightly
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Riff
A short, catchy melodic or rhythmic idea that is repeated throughout a jazz or pop song
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Sampler
An electronic device, like a synthesiserm that allow the user to alter and manipulate musical samples
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sequence
Immediate repetition of a melodic or harmonic idea at a different pitch, or a succession of different pitches
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Motif
A short but distinctive musical idea that can be changed in various ways in order to create a longer passage of music
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Tempo
The speed of the music
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Syllabic
Vocal music that has one note to each syllable
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Melismatic
Vocal music that has one syllable sung to several notes
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Unison
Simultaneous performance of the same pitch or pitches by more than one person
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Club dance music
Club dance music is technology-based with the DJ playing an important role in mixing and presenting tracks
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Word Painting
The use of musical devices and features to illustrate and highlight specific words in th lyrics
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Duet
A compostition for /perfomance by two singers, instrumentalists or dancers
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Minimalism
A reductive style or school of modern music utilizing only simple soroities, rhythms and patterns with minimal embellishment
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Allegro
brisk or rapid tempo
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Anarcrusis
An upbeat. An accented note or group of notes that come before the first strong beat of a phrase
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Expressionism
music developed in the early 20th century marked by the use of atonality and complex, unconventional rhythm, melody, and form, intended to express the composers psychological and emotional life
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Flanger
Flanging is a digtal effect that combines two copies of the same signal, with the second delayed slightly, to produc a swirling, sweeping effect
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Balafon
An instrument fom West Africa similar to a xylophone
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Modal Jazz
Jazz that uses musical modes rather than chord progression as a harmonic framework
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Baroque
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approx 1600-1750
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Classical
music following long-established principles rather than a folk, jazz or popular tradition
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Romantic
Romatic music is a term denoting an era of western classical music that began in helate 18th or early 19th century
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Free rondo
ABACA
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Hexachord
A chord made up of six noes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The western classical large ensemble

Back

Orchestra

Card 3

Front

An oratorio is a large scale, usually narrative work for orchestra and voices typically on a sacred theme

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A cadence usually consists of two chords that provide musical punctuation at the end of a phrase or sentance

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

music wihtoug a key centre, atonal music is music that has no specific tonality

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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