Music key terms

HideShow resource information
Accented passing note
A type of on beat dissonance which occurs between two consonant notes a 3rd apart.
1 of 48
Alberti Bass
Broken chord accompanying pattern consisting of low high middle high.
2 of 48
Antecedent phrase
The first half of an uneven periodic phrase, usually ending on the dominant chord.
3 of 48
An unprepared dissonance
4 of 48
Arch form
An extended ternary form in which the last two sections are a modified repeat of the first two.
5 of 48
Music that is not in a key.
6 of 48
to make long- in the case of motivic development, to take a motivic idea and use the same melodic shape but with longer rhythmic values.
7 of 48
Augmented 6th chord
a chromatic chord which has flattened submediant (6th) as its lowst bass note and contains in the chord an interval of an augmented 6th and moves to the dominant.
8 of 48
Broken chord
Melodic or accompanimental movement in 3rds that outlines a triad with the notes seperated like an arpeggio.
9 of 48
Cadential 6/4
A second inversion chord
10 of 48
Chromatic chord
a chord which contains notes from outside of the prevailing key.
11 of 48
chromatic scale
a scale involving notes from outside of the key with movement in semitones.
12 of 48
Use of notes outside of the key
13 of 48
Circle of 5ths
An harmonic sequence of chords/keys involving successive progressions to a chord/key a perfect 5th below. This effectively creates a series of perfect cadences.
14 of 48
the final section of movement which, in tonal music, confirms the tonic key.
15 of 48
the final section of the exposition of a sonata form structure.
16 of 48
The name of a small group of soloists in concerto grosso
17 of 48
Concerto grosso
a genre in which contrasts a group of solois called the concertino who play with a larger, tutti ensemle called the ripieno.
18 of 48
The movement of melodic line by step- tones and semitones.
19 of 48
Consequent phrase
The second half of an even periodic phrase- usually ending on the tonic chord.
20 of 48
Two or more independent melodic lines occuring simultaniously (contrapuntal)
21 of 48
beginning in the dominant and moving through many keys
22 of 48
Use of notes within the key
23 of 48
Diminished 7th
A chroatic chord which when rearranges consists of notes all a minor third apart.
24 of 48
The moevment of melodic line in leaps- of a 4th or more.
25 of 48
An interval that requires resolution for example the interval of a 7th.
26 of 48
The sections in ritornello form that contain musical material that contrasts with the ritornello.
27 of 48
with the 1st subject in the tonic and the 2nd subject in the dominant often linked by a transition section.
28 of 48
The most likely keyboard instrument that Mozart's piano sonatas would have been performed on. Smaller than a modern day piano, but capable of dynamic contrast.
29 of 48
a compositional term that describes the process in which motifs are constantly developed with a contrapuntal texure.
30 of 48
functional harmony
Describes harmony that consolidates a sense of key through a variety of techniques including perfect cadences, pedal notes, functional sequences, modulating to related keys and the use of primary triads in root position and first inversion.
31 of 48
Harmonically charged
A term that describes triadic or scalic melodic lines whose purpose is to outline the chords that harmonise it.
32 of 48
A rhythmic device in which groups of three are articulated as three groups of two- for example a bar of 6/8 written as three groups of two quavers.
33 of 48
An extreme form of Homophony where all parts play the same rhythm.
34 of 48
Music written for a specific instrument, expoiting the specific technical capabilities of that instrument.
35 of 48
Melody dominated homophony
A texture involving melody with accompaniment
36 of 48
To change key
37 of 48
A single musical line
38 of 48
An important fragment of a theme that is continually referred to and developed throughout a work.
39 of 48
Motto theme
a theme of central importance that recurs within a composition and is subject to development.
40 of 48
neapolitan 6th chord
a chromatic chord. It is the flattened, major version of chord 2- so D flat major in the key of C in fist inversion. Resolves to the dominant.
41 of 48
A 20th century style of composition opular partcularly in the opening decades, where the composer would deliberately copy and satirise (poke fun at) musical features from baroque, classical or romantic period.
42 of 48
Harmony and tonality that fails to consolidate a key.
43 of 48
melodic decoration such as a trill
44 of 48
perfect cadence
chord V-I
45 of 48
periodic phrasing
even and regular phrasing consisting of two even halves, an antecedant phrase and a consequent phrase.
46 of 48
Occurs within a supsension. the dissonant note is sounded prior to it being dissonant as a consonant note with a different chord.
47 of 48
a melodic pattern repeated at a different pitch.
48 of 48

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Broken chord accompanying pattern consisting of low high middle high.


Alberti Bass

Card 3


The first half of an uneven periodic phrase, usually ending on the dominant chord.


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


An unprepared dissonance


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


An extended ternary form in which the last two sections are a modified repeat of the first two.


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all Music key terms resources »