Music

Accent
Emphasis on a note or chord. Indicated by the symbol > Rhythmic pattern
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Alto
A low female voice
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Allegro
Jogging happily, Lively, Merry, Bright
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Adagio
Slow, Lurking, At ease, Not as slow as Largo
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Andante
Walking pace, Moving along, Flowing, Slowish
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A Capella
Unaccompanied singing
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Forte
f - Very Loud
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Piano
p - Quiet
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Glissando
Slide between notes
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Ostinato
Repeating Patterns
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Articulation
How the notes are played
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Phrasing
Way the notes seem to naturally fall
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Accentuation
To emphasise or stress certain notes
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Compound time
Time signature where each main beat can be split into three little ones
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Simple time
Time signature with two, three or four basic beats
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Syncopation
To avoid regular beat, the accents are shifted from the main beat to a weaker beat
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Consonant
Nice sound when notes that fit together are played at the same time
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Dissonant
Notes that don't fit together are played at the same time
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Inversions
Turning upside down of a chord when it's not in root position.
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Power chords
Chords made up of the tonic and the fifth, used in rock music
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Discords
Chord, Restless, Jaring to the ear, Resolved in a particular way
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Antiphonal
Two choirs or groups of instruments are singing/playing at different times
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Imitative
Reproducing a natural sound
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Polyphonic
Two or more tunes played at the same time, woven together
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Homophonic
The tune is accompanied by chords, keeping roughly to the same rhythm
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Monophonic
Music with a tune and nothing else - no backing, rhythm or harmony
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Ornamentation
A change in the way the notes are played
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Modulation
When music changes into another key (usually related)
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Pentatonic
5 note scale used in folk music
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Major
Bright and cheery notes
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Minor
Sad and not happy notes
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Atonal
Music that's not written in a key
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Blues scale
Flattened 3rd and 7th of any major scale by a semi tone
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Unison
Everyone plays or sings the same notes at the same time
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Sevenths
Interval in melody when 2 notes, major or minor, are 7 steps apart
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Perfect Cadence
Chords V and I played at the end of a section or piece to round it off
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Imperfect Cadence
A cadence that usually moves from chord I, II, IV to chord V
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Plagal Cadence
Cadence going from chord IV to I
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Interrupted Cadence
Used to end phrases but not at the end of a piece
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Cross - Rhythms
Tension Building effect. When two rhythms that don't quite fit together are played at the same time.
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mf
Mezzoforte - Fairly loud
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mp
Mezzopiano - Fairly quiet
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ff
Fortissimo - Very loud
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pp
Pianissimo - Very quiet
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Crescendo
Getting louder
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Diminuendo
Getting quieter
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Sequence
A repeated musical phrase
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Riff
Short, repetitive but not improvised instrumental passage
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Drone
A long, held-on note usually in the bass
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Imitation
A phrase repeated with little variation
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Fugue
A musical form in which a main theme is taken up and developed by each of the parts in turn
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Canon
Same tune played by two or more parts which each come in separately and at regular intervals. The parts overlap.
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Leitmotif
Short, constantly recurring musical phrase or theme, denoting a person, thing or an abstract idea.
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Pedal
A note sustained below changing harmonies
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Inverted pedal
Holding on a bass note through a passage including some chords of which it does not form a part
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Binary form
Music in 2 distinct sections AB
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Ternary form
Piece in 3 sections ABA
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Rondo form
A way of structuring music alternating sections ABACADA
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Theme and variation
A musical idea that gets repeated
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Call and response
A short melody followed by an answering phrase
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Strophic form
Type of structure where the music is the same every verse with only the lyrics changing
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A low female voice

Back

Alto

Card 3

Front

Jogging happily, Lively, Merry, Bright

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Slow, Lurking, At ease, Not as slow as Largo

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Walking pace, Moving along, Flowing, Slowish

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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