Music Theory

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Binarary Form
Is in 2 sections. Section A followed by section B. Both are usually repeated
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Tenerary Form
3 Sections A,B and A
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Rondo Form
In RONDO FORM, section A comes back after each new section. Like this, A-B-A-C-A. It could go on longer
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VARIATION FORM
Each new section is based on theoriginal section A, and so it is a variation of it.
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Monophonic
1 single sound
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Melody and Accompaniment
A single melody with a background accompaniment
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Homophonic
Means that all the parts play the same rhythm at the same time. Example could be a Hymn
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Polyphonic
Lots of different melodies playing at once. Sounds like lots of people talking at the same time.
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Perfect Cadence
A music full stop
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Imperfect Cadence
A musical comma
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Major
Sounds happy
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Minor
Sounds sad
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Pentatonic
Sounds airy, used in chinese songs mostly
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How many intervals are there
6
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3rd's and 6th's`
Pleasant sounding intervals and are the most likely in popular music. Example: Pop songs and light classical music.
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4th and 5th
Sounds hollow or they could sound powerful
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2nd's and 7ths
Sound horrible and clashing
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Atonal
Means no key and is usually clashing
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Reverb
This makes it sounds lke singing or playing in a ver large room, it is like a tiny, tiny echo. Do not confuse this with real echo.
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Delay/Echo
Actually the proper name is delay and you can hear the echo and it is DISTINCT
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Vocoder
Almost alwas used on voices and MAKES, YOU. SOUND. LIKE. A. DALEK
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Looping
When a short bit of music is repeated over and over.
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Drum Machine
Electric gadget to play drum parts
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Accelerando
Music gradually gets faster
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Accent
Means a note is given more emphasis or stress
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Adagio
To be performed slowly
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Allegro
Fast
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Allegretto
A big fast but not hella fast ike allegro
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Andante
Walking speed (quite slow)
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Arco
A direction for violin players etc. Play normally with the bow
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Arpeggio
When notes of a chord are played one after the other instead of al at once. Is also called a broken chord
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Crescendo
Gradually gets louder
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Counter Melody
Another tune which is played along with the main tune
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Diminuendo
Music gets gradually quieter
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Discord
Clashing sounds, not nice
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Dissonant/Dissonance
When discords are being used and the music sounds clashing
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Drone
Think bagpipes
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Dynamics
Just mneans the louds and quiets in the msic and how they change.
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Glissando
Sliding from one note to another
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Imitataion
Simply copying
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Largo
Music is slow and dignified
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Note cluster
Lots of notes really close together
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Ostinato
A short pattern of notes that is repeated over and over. Called a riff in rock.
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Pedal
A long low note that caried on under the music.
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Pizzicato
A diretion to a violin etc pluck strings
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Presto
Music is fast
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Ritardando
Music gets gradually slower
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Seqeuence
When a pattern of notes is played again but higher ot lower
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Sforzando
When a bit suddenly stands out in the music
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Staccat
When notes are played short and detatched. Sounds jumpy
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Tempo
How fast or slow
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Trill
Moving quickly between a note and the one above it.
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Vivace
Music is lively
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Syncopation
When the music lies against the beat instead of with it. Most popular music is syncopated, most marches and waltzes for examples, aren't.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3 Sections A,B and A

Back

Tenerary Form

Card 3

Front

In RONDO FORM, section A comes back after each new section. Like this, A-B-A-C-A. It could go on longer

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Each new section is based on theoriginal section A, and so it is a variation of it.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1 single sound

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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