Music - Mozart 'Symphony No. 40 in G minor (First Movement)'

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When was the piece written?
1788
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How many movements does the symphony have?
Four
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What is the structure of the piece called?
Sonata Form
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What key is the piece in?
G minor
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Name some features of the Exposition?
Two contrasting themes / 1st subject = G minor / 2nd subject = Bb major / Codetta / Section is repeated
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Name some features of the Development?
No new ideas / Ideas are developed from both the 1st Subject and 2nd Subject / Avoidance of dominant key
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Name some features of the Recapitulation?
Ideas are repeated from Exposition / Coda is a development of the 3 notes from 1st Subject / 2nd Subject remains in tonic
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Describe the melodic phrases?
Balanced, 4/8 bar phrases that sound like question and answer
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How can the phrases be described?
Scalic
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Describe the harmony?
Diatonic and Functional
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What is a chromatic chord?
Notes that don't belong to the scale of the key the music is currently in
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What is a pedal note?
A continuously repeated pitch
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What is the metre?
4/4
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What is the tempo?
Molto Allegro (Very Fast)
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How are short rhythmic ideas used?
They are repeated to create unity
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Describe the texture?
Homophonic
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Where is octave doubling used?
1st and 2nd Violin parts
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What are two techniques used in the development?
Counterpoint and Imitation
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Describe the dynamics in the exposition and recapitulation?
The 1st subject is quiet, the Transition is loud, the 2nd subject starts quietly but gets louder
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Describe the dynamics in the development?
Loud section in the middle but begins and ends quietly
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What orchestra did Mozart use?
Chamber Orchestra
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Describe the use of strings?
They play the melody, quick running scales, sustained notes and forceful chords
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Describe the use of woodwind?
Sustained notes, few quick runs and they share the start of the 2nd Subject with the strings
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Describe the use of the two horns used in the piece?
They are in different keys (G and Bb) which maximises the number of notes they can play. They play repeated notes to sustain harmonies
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many movements does the symphony have?

Back

Four

Card 3

Front

What is the structure of the piece called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What key is the piece in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name some features of the Exposition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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