Music Concepts - Texture, Structure and Form

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Basso Continuo
Sometimes referred to as continuo. In the Baroque period, the continuo part consisted of a bass line (basso continuo) played by cello, bass, viola da gamba or bassoon, along with which was the harpsichord, organ or lute which filled in harmonies buil
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Concerto Grosso
A type of concerto in which a group of soloists (concertino) is combined and contrasted with a larger group (ripieno). This style of writing was popular in the Baroque period.
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Da Capo Aria
An aria in ternary (A B A) form, found in opera and oratorio in the 17th and 18th centuries. The third section is not written out but the instruction ‘da capo’ (from the beginning) is given instead. The repeat of the A section was performed with the
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Passacaglia
Variations over a ground bass.
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Ritornello
“Little return”. In a concerto grosso, the ritornello is the main theme played by the ripieno group and sometimes by concertino. The ritornello may return frequently throughout the movement, similar to a rondo.
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Sonata Form
Sonata form is the structure of the first movement of many sonatas, symphonies and often overtures. It contains three sections: exposition, development and recapitulation
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Subject
The main theme in a composition, the main themes in sonata form.
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Through-Composed
A vocal/choral composition in which there is little or no repetition of the music.
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Exposition
Introduction of two contrasting themes in related keys (Sonata Form)
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Development
The original ideas are built upon (Sonata Form)
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Recapitualtion
The original ideas are heard again, this time in the same key (Sonata Form)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A type of concerto in which a group of soloists (concertino) is combined and contrasted with a larger group (ripieno). This style of writing was popular in the Baroque period.

Back

Concerto Grosso

Card 3

Front

An aria in ternary (A B A) form, found in opera and oratorio in the 17th and 18th centuries. The third section is not written out but the instruction ‘da capo’ (from the beginning) is given instead. The repeat of the A section was performed with the

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Variations over a ground bass.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

“Little return”. In a concerto grosso, the ritornello is the main theme played by the ripieno group and sometimes by concertino. The ritornello may return frequently throughout the movement, similar to a rondo.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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