Muscles and Skeleton structure

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  • Created by: asandi32
  • Created on: 18-04-17 12:27
The bony framework upon which the body is built.It provides attachments for the muscular system and carries and protects the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
The skeleton
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This skeleton forms the long axis of the body and includes the bones of the skull, spine and rib cage
Axial
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This skeleton's bones are the upper and lower limbs and their girdles that join to the axial skeleton
Appendicular
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Connects bone to muscle
Tendon
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Tough band of fibrous slightly, elastic connective tissue. Attaches bone to bone. Prevents disloaction
Ligament
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Region between diaphysis(the shaft/middle part)and epiphysis (end portion) in children which is responsible for longitudinal bone growth.
Growthplate
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Fibrous protein in bones that provides strength
Collagen
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Keeps bone hard and strong, stored in bones
Calcium
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Thin layer of glassy-smooth cartilage that is quite spongy, occurs at the epiphysis
Articular
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Space within a synovial joint that contains synovial fluid
Jointcavity
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When a joint is compressed synovial fluid seeps out of this type of cartilage to reduce friction between the caritilages. the fluid is reabsorbed into this cartilage. (weeping lubrication theory)
Articular
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Provides cushioning between the fibrous capsule and a bone or muscle...'Pad of...'
fat
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Wedge of white fibrocartilage that improves the fit between adjacent bone ends, improves joint stability, reduces wear and tear of cartilage
Meniscus
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Flattened fibrous sac lines with synovial fluid that contains a thin film of synovial fluid, its function is to prevent friction at sites in the body where ligaments, tendons, muscles or bones might rub together
Bursa
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This joint has a band of strong fibrous tissue, a slippery fluid that is contained in the joint cavity, Gassy-smooth cartilage that is spongy and covers the ends of the bones in the joint. A tough fibrous tissue that has two layers.
Synovial
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Stored in the spaces inside bone, site of blood cell production and fat storage
Bonemarrow
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Tarsals, metatarsals,...? [the feet bones]
Phalanges
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This skeleton forms the long axis of the body and includes the bones of the skull, spine and rib cage

Back

Axial

Card 3

Front

This skeleton's bones are the upper and lower limbs and their girdles that join to the axial skeleton

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Connects bone to muscle

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Tough band of fibrous slightly, elastic connective tissue. Attaches bone to bone. Prevents disloaction

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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