Multi-store Model of Memory + key studies

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1. What do the results of the 1966 study mean?

  • That information in the STM is encoded acoustically which makes it difficult to remember similar sounding words and that information in the LTM is encoded semantically which makes it difficult to remember similar meaning words
  • That information in the STM is encoded semantically because they remembered more semantically similar words, information in the LTM is encoded acoustically because they remembered more acoustically similar words.
  • That information in both the STM and LTM is stored in a hierarchical way
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2. What was Murdock's 1962 study, studying?

  • Amnesia
  • The primary/recency effect
  • Displacement
  • H.M

3. Why does the primary/recency effect happen?

  • Because information at the beginning of the list has been transferred into the LTM due to rehearsal (primary) and information at the end of the list is still fresh in the STM (recency)
  • Because information at the beginning of the list is being refreshed by rehearsal and chunking (primary) and information at the end of the list is still fresh in the STM (recency)
  • Because there is enough capacity in the STM to remember the beginning words and the end words - we lose concentration in the middle of the list

4. Who produced the Multi-store model of memory?

  • Miller (1956)
  • Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968)
  • Peterson & Peterson (1959)
  • Baddeley (1966)

5. A clinical study of ___ helped to prove functional seperation of the the STM and LTM because after his brain surgery to stop seizures in 1953 he was unable to transfer information to his LTM store but his STM was fine.

  • H.P
  • Miller
  • H.M
  • John Doe

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