Multi-Store Model and Working Memory Model - studies

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 28-12-13 19:32
Atkinson and Shiffrin
created multi-store model
1 of 15
Miller
Capacity of STM (7+/-2 items)
2 of 15
Baddeley and Hitch
created Working Memory Model
3 of 15
Bahrick et al
Duration of LTM. Photo and name recognition with 392 ex-classmates. 90% correct after 15yrs. 75% correct after 48yrs
4 of 15
Peterson and Peterson
Duration of STM. Trigram recall after distraction (counting backwards in 3s) 80% correct after 3s. 10% correct after 3 secs
5 of 15
Shallice and Warrington
Strength of WMM. KF case study. Damanged articulatory loop (visual recall intact, couldn't recall verbal)
6 of 15
Luria
Capacity of LTM. Case study of russian journalist (Solomon Shereshevesky). Could remember every detail of life
7 of 15
Glanzer and Cunitz
Strength of MSM. Primacy and Recency. Recall only words at beginning at end of list
8 of 15
Conrad
Encoding STM. 6 acoustically similar and acoustically dissimilar consonants. Dissimilar more easily recalled
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Conrad
Weakness STM. Not fixed sequence - info. retrieved from LTM to recognise b as 'BEE'
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Baddeley and Hitch
Strength of WMM. Dual task techniques. Sentence checking whilst reading aloud list of 6 digits. Completed both tasks
11 of 15
Berz
Weakness of WMM. Musical memory. Can listen to music whilst carrying out other acoustic tasks
12 of 15
Craik and Lockhart
Weakness MSM. Things remembered better if processed semantically
13 of 15
Milner
Strength of MSM. Case study HM. Removed Hippocampus. Personality and intellect intact but could no longer for long term memories
14 of 15
Kulik and Brown
Weakness MSM. Flashbulb memory. Rehearsal not needed for long term memories
15 of 15

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Card 2

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Miller

Back

Capacity of STM (7+/-2 items)

Card 3

Front

Baddeley and Hitch

Back

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Card 4

Front

Bahrick et al

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Peterson and Peterson

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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