Multi Store Model of memory

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Who developed the idea of MSM?
Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968)
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What is the role of attention?
if a person's attentoion is focused on one of sensory stores , it's information is transferred to the STM
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When information is replaced by new information in the STM this is called what|?
dispacment
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There is a direct relationship between the amount of rehearsal in STM and what?
The strength of the memory in LTM
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How does the process of retrieval work?
retrieved information has to pass back through the STM before it can be consciously recalled
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E1 (strength): Is there any lab based evidence to support MSM?
Lab studies of capacity, duration and coding all suggest that memory has seperate unitory stores
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E1 (strength): Is there any biological evidence to support MSM?
Beardesly (1997) condiuctted a brain sca showing links between STM and the prefrontal cortex. Squire (1992) found a link between LTM and the hippocampus
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E2 (strength): are there any case studies to support MSM?
HM who suffered brain damage after an operation to remove his hippocampus to reduce severe epilepsy supports separate unitary memory stores
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E2 (strength): how does HM support the existence of MSM?
His personality + intelect were left intact but he could no longer form LTMs but he could still remember things before his surgery
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E3 (weakness): What evidence exists that MSMS is too simple?
the same supporting evidence for WMM (KF and SC damage to the phological loop) suggest that MSM is too simle and argues for thi exisitnce of qualatitive memory stores
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E4 (weakness) Does LTM require more than maintenance rehearsal?
Yes -Craik and Lockhart (1972) suggest that LTM's are created by deep processing = doing more complex things to remember them than just repeationgthem
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E4 (weakness) what evidence is there to suggest that this is the case?
Craik and Tulving (1975) found that PPs given a list of nouns remember the words that they were asked deep processing questions about
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E4 (weakness) what is an example of deep processing?
asking if a word could fit in a particular sentence
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E4 (weakness) what is an example of shallow processing?
asking if a word was in capital letters
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Card 2

Front

What is the role of attention?

Back

if a person's attentoion is focused on one of sensory stores , it's information is transferred to the STM

Card 3

Front

When information is replaced by new information in the STM this is called what|?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

There is a direct relationship between the amount of rehearsal in STM and what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does the process of retrieval work?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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