Multi-store Memory Model

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Who's research is this theory based off?
Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968)
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Definition of capacity?
The size of the store
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Definition of duration?
How long information remains in the store
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Definition of mode of representation?
The form in which information is stored
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Definition of encoding?
How memories are encoded (registered)
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Definition of storage?
How they remain as memories after they have been registered
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Definition of retrieval?
How we find and access a memory that has been stored
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How many stores does memory consist of?
3
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Name the different stores?
Sensory register, short-term memory, Long-term memory
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What process does information go through to be transffered to the other stores?
Maintence rehersal
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What occurs if rehersal does not take place?
Forgetting through displacment or decay
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What kind of structure is each store?
Unitary
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Name the three main ways information can be encoded
Visual, acoustic, semantic
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What is the duration in the sensory memory?
1/4-1/2 a second
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What is the capacity in the short-term memory?
7 +/-2 items
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What is the duration in the short-term memory?
0-18 seconds
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What is the encoding in the short-term memory?
Mainly Auditory
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What is the duration in the long-term memory?
Unlimited
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What is the capacity in the long-term memory?
Unlimited
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What is the encoding in the long-term memory?
Mainly Semantic
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Definition of capacity?

Back

The size of the store

Card 3

Front

Definition of duration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Definition of mode of representation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Definition of encoding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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