MSE2006 - Clinical Physiology

HAEMATOLOGY 

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  • Created by: olddawg20
  • Created on: 01-05-18 19:54
What is the fluid component of blood known as?
Plasma
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What are the formed elements suspended in the plasma?
Erythrocytes (RBCs), Leucocytes (WBCs) and Thrombocytes (platelets)
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Plasma is formed mostly (95%) of water, what is included in the other 5%?
Hormones, Plasma proteins, Inorganic ions, Waste
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What are the names given to the 3 categories of WBC?
1) Granulocyte 2) Lymphocytes 3)Monocytes
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What are the role of eosinophils in the body?
They target macroparasites and limit the allergic response by producing anti-histamine.
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What action are basophils involved in?
Basophils are involved in the inflammatory and anaphylactic/hypersensitivity responses. Additionally, they secrete Heparin.
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What are the 2 different cells that make up lymphocytes?
B-cells and T-cells
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What are the components of a platelets' granulated cytoplasm?
Alpha granules, Dense granules and Lysosome granules
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Which haematopoietic growth factors regulate differentiate?
Erythropoeitin and Thrombopoeitin
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What 2 main kinds of progenitor do haematopoietic stem cells give rise to?
Common myeloid progenitor and common lymphoid progenitor
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What is erythropoesis?
The production of red cell production, tightly regulated by the secretion of erythropoietin.
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What are the haemoglobinopathies (errors in haemoglobin) categorised as?
Structural errors or rate of synthesis errors.
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What mutation causes sickle cell anaemia?
E6V in beta-globin gene
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What are the three simple terms that can be used to describe white cell malignancies?
Lymphocytic, Myelocytic and Chronic/Acute
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the formed elements suspended in the plasma?

Back

Erythrocytes (RBCs), Leucocytes (WBCs) and Thrombocytes (platelets)

Card 3

Front

Plasma is formed mostly (95%) of water, what is included in the other 5%?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the names given to the 3 categories of WBC?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the role of eosinophils in the body?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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