Mozart

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When written/ or performed
1788
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Time Signature
4/4
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Rhythm, Metre, and Tempo
Molto Allegro. Short rhythmic ideas repeated e.g. 1st subject starts with anacrusis of 2 quavers. Rhythms simple, although some dotted rhythms and synocpation
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Dynamics
Most dynamic changes sudden. Not many crescendos and no diminuendos. Expo: first subject quiet except passage in middle. 2nd subject quiet at start loud at end. Develop: loud middle, quiet start and end. Recap same as Expo
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Instrumentation
Chamber orchestra with strings, woodwind, horns. Strings play almost all the time, woodwind dont play as much as strings (both play at start of 2nd subject). One horn in G one in B flat playing held notes
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Tonality and Harmony
Modulates between G minor and B flat major. Diatonic and functional, based around standard major and minor triads. Examples of Chromatic Chords (diminished 7th, augmented 6th) and Pedal Notes (cellos b4 2nd subject)
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Structure
Sonata Form. Expo: 1st subject, falling motif melody played by strings at first in G minor. 2nd subject, melody with descending chromatic patterns shared between string and woodwind in B flat major. Dev: based on 1st sub, goes through many keys
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Continued:
Starts in f sharp minor. Recap same as Expo but with Coda (repeated perfect cadences in G minor)
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Melody
Most melodies made up of 4 or 8 bar phrases sounding like q and a. e.g. 2nd sub starts with 4 bar phrase ending with imperfect cadence, after is a 4 bar phrase with perfect cadence. Many phrases scalic
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Texture
Mostly homophonic. Also examples of counterpoint & imitation in development. Also octave doublings between woodwind & strings at start of 2nd subject
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Time Signature

Back

4/4

Card 3

Front

Rhythm, Metre, and Tempo

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Dynamics

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Instrumentation

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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