Mount Etna

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Where is Mount Etna
Island of Sicily
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What type of plate boundary does it lie on?
Destructive
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What two plates form the margin
African plate being subjected under Eurasian
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What is special about this volcano?
Constantly active
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What type of industry does the land around Etna support?
Agricultural - due to fertile soils created from ash
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Name four hazards presented by Etna
1. Seismic Activity 2. Gas Plumes 3. Avalanche of side 4. Phreatic Eruption (steam)
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Date of main eruption
29th July 2002
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How high was the eruption?
Magma ejected 100m into the air and down the sides of the volcano
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Why did the air port close?
To clear ash from Runway
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What was the impact on the Tourist industry
Decline, tourist felt unsafe are are unlike to return
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How many people were evacuated from their homes and what happened to them?
1000 people, rehoused in holiday homes
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How was the Ski industry affected?
Lava flows destroyed run and ski lifts as well as part of ski village.
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How many family businesses affected?
300, caused a loss of earnings and people had to leave the island to find other work.
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How was magma diverted?
Bulldozers used to crack existing tarmac to create channels away form residential areas.
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How did the Italian army help?
used heavy earth moving equipment to block and direct lava flows
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What kind of ship was provided?
A ship containing medical supplies was made available
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How were people affected financially aided?
Given tax breaks to help recover
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How much financial assistance was given out immediately following the eruption?
£5.6 million
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How are the hazards of Mount Etna managed?
Barriers and damming are set up to divert lava flows, water cooling is also done to reduce the speed lava travels at.
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How often is the volcano monitored?
Constantly monitors for the last 20 years, looking for activity within the volcano that may indicated an eruption.
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What do geothermal tests look for?
Tests gas and liquid form the volcano to predict the potential for dangerous gas emissions.
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Card 2

Front

What type of plate boundary does it lie on?

Back

Destructive

Card 3

Front

What two plates form the margin

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is special about this volcano?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What type of industry does the land around Etna support?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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