Music Listening Definitions

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Polyrhythm
When 2 or more different rhythms are played at the same time.
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Hemiola Rhythm
A rhythm which has a "3 against 2" feel.
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Augmentation
Double note values
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Diminution
Halve note values
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Ostinato
Repeated Rhythm
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Consonance
Notes that sound good together
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Dissonance
Clashing notes
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Dominant 7th chord
Chord V + a 7th
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Drone
A long held note usually in the bass. Often used in Indian Music.
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Pedal Note
Repeated note with the harmony changing over it.
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Dominant Modulation
C major - G major (often sounds brighter)
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Subdominant Modulation
C major to F major (often sounds duller)
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Monophonic
1 solo line
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Unison
Every plays the same thing at the same time.
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Imitative Texture
One part copies another part.
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Homophonic
Chordal - parts move together.
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Polyphonic
Independant melody lines in different parts that are equally as important.
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Antiphony
Two groups of musicians that play at different times.
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Canon
Two or more parts playing the same melody but starting at different times.
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Conjunct Melody
Smooth melody that moves mainly by step.
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Disjunct Melody
A melody with lots of jumps.
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Con arco
With the bow
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Pizzicato
Plucked
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Con sordino
With mute
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Double Stopping
Playing more than one string with the bow to produce chords.
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Tremolo
Bowing the string rapidly to produce a shimmering sound.
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Portamento
Sliding from one note to another
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Reverb
Echo
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Distortion
Makes the sound slightly harsher/distorted
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Chorus
Adds slightly delayed version so that it sounds like there are more instruments.
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Phasing
Adds a whoosing sound.
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Looping
Repeated pattern.
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Sampling
Using a pre-recorded short section.
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Binary
Two different sections
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Ternary
3 different sections
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Rondo
Several sections where one section keeps returning.
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Theme and Variation
The same section/melody is repeated but with changes made to it each time.
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Exposition
Introduce ideas.
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Development
Develop ideas
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Recapitulation
Recap ideas.
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Strophic
Each verse has the same melody but different lyrics
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Through Composed
Each verse/section has different music - no repetition.
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Arch-shaped
The shape of a melody - it finishes how it starts. Symmetrical and adds balance.
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Power Chord
Root note and the fifth
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Hammer-on
Upward slurs on a guitar (????)
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Continuo
Baroque, Organ, Bass Line
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Contrapuntal
Another word for polyphonic
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Treble
High young boy's voice.
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Ground Bass
Repeated bass line
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A rhythm which has a "3 against 2" feel.

Back

Hemiola Rhythm

Card 3

Front

Double note values

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Halve note values

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Repeated Rhythm

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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