Moral Theories Key Words

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  • Created by: LBCW0502
  • Created on: 26-10-15 09:33
Absolute
Morality based upon rules that apply to all situations. A person's actions can always be seen as right or wrong, regardless of the situation or the consequences
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Relative
Right and wrong depend upon their circumstances
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Deontological
The individual has a duty to do the right thing
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Universalism
Rules apply to everyone, regardless of beliefs or culture
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Objective
The ability in any context to judge fairly, without bias or external influence. Objectivity focuses on rules for governing and what is considered to be morally right or morally wrong
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Subjective
Existing only as something which is perceived and not as a thing in itself. Subjectivity focuses on the development of self-consciousness. What a person feels is most relevant and important
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Situationism
Laws can be set aside if the situation demands it
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Cultural Relativism
What is right or wrong depends on the culture
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Teleology/Consequentialism
Actions are right or wrong according to their consequences
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Intrinsic
They are good or bad in themselves, regardless of circumstances, consequences and motives. Right if right and wrong is wrong always
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Instrumental
Actions lead to something good or bad
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Situation Ethics
The morally right thing to do is the most loving in the situation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Right and wrong depend upon their circumstances

Back

Relative

Card 3

Front

The individual has a duty to do the right thing

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Rules apply to everyone, regardless of beliefs or culture

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The ability in any context to judge fairly, without bias or external influence. Objectivity focuses on rules for governing and what is considered to be morally right or morally wrong

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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