Montserrat Case Study

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When did Soufriere Hills in Montserrat erupt?
June 25th 1997
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What was the cause of the eruption?
Montserrat is above a destructive plate margin (The Atlantic plate subducts beneath the Caribbean plate)
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What were the primary impacts of the eruption? (5)
>Big areas covered with volcanic material - capital Plymouth buried under 12m of ash >Over 20 villages and 2/3 of homes destroyed by pyroclastic flows >Schools, hospitals, the airport and port destroyed >Vegetation, farmland destroyed >19 people died
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What were the secondary impacts of the eruption? (5)
>Fires destroyed many important buildings >Tourism industry affected and destroyed businesses too >Population decline - over 1/2 of inhabitants left since 1995 >Volcanic ash improved soil fertility >Tourism now increasing (to see the volcano)
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What were the immediate responses after the eruption? (5)
>People were evacuated to safe areas in the north >Shelters were built to house evacuees >Temporary infrastructure built (e.g roads and electricity supplies) >UK provided £17 million of emergency aid >Local emergency services provided search & rescue
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What were the long-term responses to the eruption? (3)
>Risk map created and an exclusion zone is in place. South of the island still off-limits while volcano is still active >UK provided £41 million to develop north of the island (docks, airport, houses) >Montserrat Volcano Observatory set up
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Card 2

Front

What was the cause of the eruption?

Back

Montserrat is above a destructive plate margin (The Atlantic plate subducts beneath the Caribbean plate)

Card 3

Front

What were the primary impacts of the eruption? (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the secondary impacts of the eruption? (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the immediate responses after the eruption? (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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