Montserrat

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  • Created by: Ruth
  • Created on: 12-05-14 19:11
Where?
Volcanic island, Caribbean, Lesser Antilles island arc, along the North American/Caribbean destructive boundary
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Volcano
Soufriere Hills stratovolcano, dormant for 400 years until July 1995
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Hazard Mapping
September 1997, island split into 3 zones: Northern, Central and Exclusion - prohibited except for scientific monitoring with a licence from the Royal Montserrat Police Force, covered in up to 12m of mud
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Evaluation
Cheap- economy damaged by eruption - 1997 GDP pc $8500. Because GB-governed, communications are good
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Evacuation
population evacuated to Northern Zone. 1998 given full residency rights in UK, in 2002 this was extended to full citizenship
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Evaluation
7000 outmigration, mainly to the UK- bad short term because most migrants were skilled and young, but now 6.9% population growth.
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Infrastructural investment and regeneration
Tourism from 40,000 to near 0. £41 million in aid from the UK, mostly for infrastructure. Further £200 million from the UK for large regeneration projects, eg. John A. Osborne Airport, opened in 2005
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Social
19 deaths, 60% of the island uninhabitable, 50% migrated
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Economic
Airport destroyed, Plymouth buried under 12m lahar, loss of tourism
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Environmental
Dust caused silicosis and asthma, coral reefs buried, cloud forest destroyed, acid rain, lakes of pH 1.5 - loss of aquatic life
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Volcano

Back

Soufriere Hills stratovolcano, dormant for 400 years until July 1995

Card 3

Front

Hazard Mapping

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Evaluation

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Evacuation

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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