Montserrat - A volcanic eruption

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  • Created by: JCSL
  • Created on: 12-04-16 19:04
Which plate margin is the Montserrat volcano above?
Destructive plate margin, Atlantic Plate subducted under the Caribbean Plate
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How many people died?
19 people died
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How many people were injured?
7 people injured
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Under how much mud and ash was the islands capital , Plymouth, buried?
Plymouth buried under 12m of mud and ash
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How many villages were destroyed?
20 villages destroyed
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What fraction of the island's homes were destroyed and how?
2/3 of the island's homes destroyed by pyroclastic flow
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Give 3 types of building that were destroyed
Schools / Hospitals / the Airport
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Give 3 types of buildings that were destroyed by fires
Local government buildings / the police headquarters / the towns central petrol station
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What 2 ways did the eruption effect the economy short term?
Tourists stayed away / businesses destroyed
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How did the eruption effect the population?
8,000 of the island's 12,000 inhabitants left since eruptions began in 1995
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How did the eruption effect the soil?
Volcanic ash improved the soil fertility
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How did the eruption effect tourism long term?
Tourism increased as people come to see the volcano
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What 4 short term responses were there?
People evacuated from South to safety in North / shelters built to house evacuees / Temporary infrastructure built like roads and electrical supplies / local emergency service search for and rescue survivors
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How much did the UK provide in emergency aid?
UK provided £17 million of emergency aid
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How much did the UK provide long term and to do what?
£41 million to develop new docks, airport and houses in the North
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How does the risk map created work?
Has an exclusion zone to keep the South of limits whilst the volcano is active
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What was set up to predict future eruptions?
The Montserrat Volcano Observatory
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When did the Monserrat volcano erupt?
25th June 1997
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When did small eruptions begin?
Small eruptions began in July 1995
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How much rock and gas was released in the eruption?
4-5 million m2 of rocks and gas released
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many people died?

Back

19 people died

Card 3

Front

How many people were injured?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Under how much mud and ash was the islands capital , Plymouth, buried?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many villages were destroyed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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