Monoclonal Antibodies

  • Created by: sonia_
  • Created on: 16-11-17 20:24
Give three uses of Monoclonal Antibodies.
1. Diagnosis in pregnancy tests - monoclonal antibodies bind to the hormone HCG 2. In labs to measure levels of hormones and other chemicals in the blood to detect pathogens for research 3. To identify or locate specific molecules in cells or tissue
1 of 5
What are hybridomas?
Cells created during the production of monoclonal antibodies by the fusion of an antibody-specific lymphocyte and a tumour cell
2 of 5
Define Monoclonal Antibodies.
Monoclonal Antibodies are antibodies produced by a single clone of cells or cell line and consisting of identical antibody molecules that will only target one specific protein antigen/ particular cells or chemicals in the body.
3 of 5
Describe three different ways of using monoclonal antibodies to treat cancers.
Direct use of antibodies to trigger the immune system to recognise, attack & destroy cancer cells, To block receptors on the surface of cancer cells & so stop the cells growing & dividing, Carry toxic drugs/radioactive therapies to the cancer cells
4 of 5
Define Lymphocytes.
Lymphocytes are white blood cells that produce specific antibodies to destroy pathogens. They recognise the pathogens because of their antigens (foreign proteins).
5 of 5

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are hybridomas?

Back

Cells created during the production of monoclonal antibodies by the fusion of an antibody-specific lymphocyte and a tumour cell

Card 3

Front

Define Monoclonal Antibodies.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe three different ways of using monoclonal antibodies to treat cancers.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define Lymphocytes.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Medicine and drugs resources »