Modularity of Mind

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What are modules according to Fodor?
Dedicated organs or processes for a very specific task.
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What does Fodor believe the mind is?
A set of divisible processes.
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Examples of modular perceptual systems?
Audition & Vision
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Examples of modular cognitive systems?
Language & Working Memory
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The 4 properties of modules?
1) Domain specific, 2) Innate, 3) Fast & Automatic, 4) Encapsulated
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According to Chomsky, what is Universal Grammar?
Innate knowledge about grammar that humans are born with.
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When is the critical period of language?
Between 3 and 12 years.
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What is Chomsky's poverty of the stimulus argument?
Language user generates infinite number of utterances when exposed to finite linguistic environment.
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What is Chomsky's 'Human language is unique' argument?
If language was stimulus-response all animals would be able to learn it but it is uniquely human.
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What did Steve Pinker propose?
That children have Language Acquisition Device (LAD) which he claimed meets the criteria for a trait obtained through natural selection.
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What is Latent Semantic Analysis?
A language processing module based on symbol-symbol relations.
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What can LSA demonstrate about human cognition?
Gives an account of how we can process information so quickly via language
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Limitation of LSA?
Can't process afforded sentences accurately but humans can, so doesn't fully represent human cognition.
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What has LSA been successfully used for?
1) Auto-tutoring, 2) Essay Marking
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What are the 5 areas of evidence in support of UG/LAD?
1) Poverty of Stimulus, 2) Language Uniquely Human, 3) Critical Period, 4) Creole languages, 5) Linguistic Universals
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Card 2

Front

What does Fodor believe the mind is?

Back

A set of divisible processes.

Card 3

Front

Examples of modular perceptual systems?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Examples of modular cognitive systems?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The 4 properties of modules?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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