Modernization Theory

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: chend96
  • Created on: 27-12-13 19:27
What did powerful countries note about poorer countries?
That they did not benefit from capitalism and became poorer.
1 of 27
What were the powerful countries fears?
That the poverty in poorer countries would result in communism.
2 of 27
What was the response from the USA and Europe?
They adopted policies to prevent political unrest; which may lead to communism.
3 of 27
What approach were the European and USA's responses grounded within?
Functionalism
4 of 27
What did they state about the way that undeveloped and developed countries developed?
That undeveloped countries follow the same processes are developed countries- for example industrialization.
5 of 27
What was the first aim of the Modernization Theory?
To prevent the spread of communism, by encouraging capitalism and cultural values.
6 of 27
What was the second aim?
To prevent any cultural or economic conditions that may prevent development.
7 of 27
Who created the 5 stages to development?
Rostow.
8 of 27
What is the first stage of development?
Traditional Society
9 of 27
What is the second stage of development?
Pre-Conditons
10 of 27
What is the third stage of development?
High Economic Growth
11 of 27
What is the fourth stage of development?
The drive to maturity
12 of 27
What is the fifth stage of development?
High Mass Consumption
13 of 27
What are policies for undeveloped countries often based on?
Western help, because it's often assumed that they cannot help themselves.
14 of 27
What do Neo-Liberals want?
A free market, to help poor countries in ways which suit them.
15 of 27
What do Neo-liberals state about aid?
That it suppresses local development, as local companies will not get business due to the aid.
16 of 27
What do neo-modernization theorists stress the importance of?
Cultural Values.
17 of 27
What have Christian traditions and values led to?
Economic Prosperity.
18 of 27
Who created the eight cultural zones?
Huntington.
19 of 27
What are the eight cultural zones?
Western Christian, Orthodox, Islamic, Confucian, Japanese, Hindu, African and Latin American.
20 of 27
Why do capitalism and Christianity share values?
Because they both believe in individualism and working hard to attain something (heaven and profit).
21 of 27
Who believed that cultural factors can block development?
Parsons.
22 of 27
Name some traditional values that may prevent a society from developing?
Valuing the extended family, that therefor blocks geographical mobility.
23 of 27
What are the three traditional values?
Ascription, Collectivism and Individualism.
24 of 27
What are the three modern values?
Achievement, Universalism and Individualism.
25 of 27
What does Parson state the role of the west is?
To invest in factories, expertise and equipment.
26 of 27
What does he argue the west should introduce?
Meritocratic Education- to spread western modern values.
27 of 27

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were the powerful countries fears?

Back

That the poverty in poorer countries would result in communism.

Card 3

Front

What was the response from the USA and Europe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What approach were the European and USA's responses grounded within?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did they state about the way that undeveloped and developed countries developed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Global Development resources »