Modernism and the Nuclear family

What are the Rapoports five types of family diversity?
Cultural diversity, social class diversity, life stage diversity, generational diversity, organisatoinal diversity
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What is Cultural Diversity?
Different cultural, ethnic and religious groups have different family structures
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What is Social Class Diversity?
Differences in family structure are partly the result of income differences between households of different classes. There are class differences in child-rearing practises.
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What is Life Stage Diversity?
Family structures differ according to the life stage raeched in the life cycle.
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What is Generational Diversity?
Older and younger generations have different attitudes and experiences that reflect the historical historical periods in which they have lived
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What is Organisational Diversity?
Refers to differences in the ways that family roles are organised
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Who came up with the Neo-conventional family?
Chester
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What is the Neo-conventional family?
Dual earner family in which both spouses go out to work
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What is a conventional family?
Nuclear family wth a division of labour between a breadwinner and a housewife
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What does Chester argue is an important family change?
Its important for families to be changing from the traditional conventional nuclear family, to the neo-conventional family
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PATTERN 1: What did Chester identify is the most common couple type within the household?
Most people live in a household headed by a married couple
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PATTERN 2: What did Chester suggest about marriage and rearing of children?
most adults still marry and have children. Most children and reared by their two natural parents
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PATTERN 3: What did Chester notice about marriage and remarriage?
Most marriages continue until death, although divorce rates have increased most divorcees remarry
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PATTERN 4: What did Chester identify about cohabitation?
couples is a temporary phase before marrying. Most couples get married if they have children.increased, but for most couples is a temporary phase before marrying. Most couples get married if they have children.
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PATTERN 5: What did Chester discover about births outside of marriage?
Although births outside marriage have increased, most are jointly registered, indicating that the parents are committed to bringing up the child as a couple
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What did hetethe conservative government do (1979 - 1997)
Thatcher banned promotion of heterosexuality, educated homosexuality as an acceptable family type. Defined divorce as a social problem that would lead to the need of child support
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What did the coalition government do (2010 - 2015)
Conservatives are made up of traditionalists and modernisers meaning their policy on family is inconsistent. Introduced gay marriage and financial austerity policies
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What did the New Labour government do (1997 - 2010)
Heterosexual, conventional nuclear family is the bedrock of society, parenting orders for truant. Encourages neo-conventional family( longer mater and paternity leave, tax relief on childcare costs.
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what did the New Labour government support
Alternatives to the heterosexual nuclear family - civil partnerships, adoption rights, outlawing discrimination on sexuality
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Cultural Diversity?

Back

Different cultural, ethnic and religious groups have different family structures

Card 3

Front

What is Social Class Diversity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Life Stage Diversity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Generational Diversity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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