Modern Studies USA

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  • Created by: rallan15
  • Created on: 08-03-19 12:11
Immigration
Pros and Cons
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Con: It is shown that immigrants claim more welfare than those born in the US.
30% of immigrants claim at least one benefit compared to 19% of natives.
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Con: Immigrants are responsible for a lot of the crime in the US.
25% of the federal prison population are not born in the US.
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Pro: Immigration helps to create a global market.
More than 40% of the GDP of Guatemala comes through remittances provided by immigrants who have made their way to the United States.
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Pro: Immigrants contribute to the growth of the American Economy.
A study found that young immigrants contribute as much as $30 billion per year.
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Social Inequalities
Education, Poverty etc
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Poverty
26.2% of African Americans are in poverty. The main cause of poverty for Hispanics is the rise in immigration.
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Education
Hispanics have high dropout rates because of financial pressure to support their families.
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Family Structure
80% of children born in ghetto areas are born to single parent families. By 2010 only 55% of black adults had ever married, compared with 64% of Hispanics and 76% of whites. 38% of black children live with two parents.
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Economic Inequalities
Education, employment, health etc
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Education
In more deprived areas on average receives 15% less per student than in a more afluent area
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Poverty
15% of the US are living in poverty.
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Health
In the USA it is said that 1 in 4 people are unable to afford health care.
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Employment
The Black unemployment rate is 6.5% whilst the national unemployment rate sits at 4.4%.
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Government responses
To Education, Health and Poverty
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Education
ESS act - Groups who are struggling the most get the most help. Tests are introduced which grade things like maths and English and the areas and groups with the worst scores get the most funding.
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Poverty
TANF (Temporary Aid to Needy Families) is a federal; financed but state-run programme aimed at getting single parents back to work. It offers both employability and childcare support. Welfare benefits are linked to finding or looking for work.
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Health
Medicaid and Children's health reauthorisation act.
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Participation in Politics
Voting etc
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Voting
US citizens can vote in Presidential elections to choose their next president.
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Extent of participation
49.3% of US citizens who are eligible to vote turned out in the 2018 midterms.
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Joining a pressure group
One example of a pressure group that were successful was the NPMA National Pest Management Association wich managed to make the U.S government invest 1.1 billion dollars in trying to stop the zika virus spreading.
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Representation and under-representation
Minorities etc
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Ethnic Minorities
African-Americans turnout to vote was 66.6% in 2012, however in 2016 the turn out for African-Americans was 59.6%.
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Young people
Percentage of the population under 35 in the US 20.14%, Congress 2.5%, Democrat Party 2.9%, Republican Party 2.0%.
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Sexuality
There are 2 LGBT people in congress and 8 LGBT people in the house of representatives currently.
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Women
20% of Congress are women compared to over 50% of the US population.
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Reasons for lack of representation
Language and voter registration
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Language
1 in 5 people in the USA do not speak english at home.
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Voter registration proccess
Researchers estimate at least 51 million eligible citizens are unregistered.
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Political Influence abroad
UK, China, North Korea, the Middle East
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UK
Mrs May replied that the "really special relationship" between the UK and US continued and they stood "shoulder to shoulder because we are facing the same challenges across the world".
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China
Trump tweeted: I am very disappointed in China. Our foolish past leaders have allowed them to make hundreds of billions of dollars a year in trade, yet...
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North Korea
the US have thousands of troops posted along the Korean border between north and South Korea incase any attack occurs
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the Middle East
In 2017 there were over 5000 US Troops stationed in Iraq.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

30% of immigrants claim at least one benefit compared to 19% of natives.

Back

Con: It is shown that immigrants claim more welfare than those born in the US.

Card 3

Front

25% of the federal prison population are not born in the US.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

More than 40% of the GDP of Guatemala comes through remittances provided by immigrants who have made their way to the United States.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A study found that young immigrants contribute as much as $30 billion per year.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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