Models of Memory

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: AlexLacey
  • Created on: 21-12-15 15:11
Creators of the Multi-Store Memory model
Atkinson and Shriffin
1 of 25
Information in the Multi-Store Memroy model is first registered in the...
Sensory memory store
2 of 25
Information stays in the sensory memory store briefly before...
Decaying or passing into short-term memory
3 of 25
Short-term memory capacity
7+/-2 items
4 of 25
Short-term memory duration
18 seconds
5 of 25
In order for information to be passed from the short-term memory to the long-term memory, information must be...
Rehearsed
6 of 25
Long-term memory capacity
Unlimited
7 of 25
Long-term memory duration
Forever
8 of 25
STM encoding
Mainly acoustic
9 of 25
LTM encoding
Mainly semantic
10 of 25
Evidence for sensory memory
Sperling (1960)
11 of 25
Evidence for functional dissociation
Glanzer and Cunitz (1966)
12 of 25
Evidence for STM duration
Peterson and Peterson (1959)
13 of 25
Evidence for STM encoding
Conrad (1964)
14 of 25
Evidence for LTM encoding
Baddeley (1966)
15 of 25
Important contributions made to memory research
Strenghts of Multi-Store Memory model
16 of 25
Simplified, does not take into account the relevancy of information, suggests that repetition is the most important part of transferring information from STM to LTM, suggests a one-way processing system, the evidence comes from artificial lab studies
Weaknesses of Multi-Story Memory model
17 of 25
Creators of the Working-Memory Model
Baddeley and Hitch
18 of 25
Limited capacity, responsible for a range of control processes such as setting task goals, monitoring errors, starting the rehearsal process, switching attention between tasks, inhibiting irrelevant information and retrieving information
Central executive
19 of 25
Limited capacity, temporary storage system for holding verbal information (split into phonological store and articulatory loop)
Phonological loop
20 of 25
Limited capacity, temporary storage system for holding visual and spatial information (split into inner scribe and visual cache)
Visuospatial sketchpad
21 of 25
Evidence for phonological loop
Baddeley, Thomson and Buchanan (1975)
22 of 25
Evidence for visuospatial sketchpad
Baddeley, Grant, Wight and Thomson (1973
23 of 25
Much more plausible and detailed that the Multi-Store model, can be applied to previous research data, can account for individual difference in memory processing and can be applied to real-life setting
Strenghts of Working Memory model
24 of 25
Does not offer a complete understanding of how memory works, does not account for musical memory
Weaknesses of Working Memory model
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Information in the Multi-Store Memroy model is first registered in the...

Back

Sensory memory store

Card 3

Front

Information stays in the sensory memory store briefly before...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Short-term memory capacity

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Short-term memory duration

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »