Mock Exam Revision

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1. What is a necessary truth?

  • Referrs to a type of reasoning where if the premises are true the conclusion must be true.
  • Reffers to truths that are true in all possible worlds and all possible situations, is a priori and is only necessary if denying it would entail a logical contradiction.
  • Referrs to truths that might have been otherwise- depends on certain factors for truth, can be denied without contradiction.
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2. What is an analytic proposition?

  • A sentence that can be shown true by examining the terms involved, are a priori as they are true by definition and cannot be denied without contradiction.
  • Referrs to thruths that are not shown to be true by the meanings of the terms and need to be experienced to be known so are a posteriori and the predicate adds something to the subject.
  • Reffers to truths that are true in all possible worlds and all possible situations, is a priori and is only necessary if denying it would entail a logical contradiction.

3. What is an inductive argument?

  • Referrs to truths that might have been otherwise- depends on certain factors for truth, can be denied without contradiction.
  • Reffers to a type of reasoning based on the idea of the thing we have not yet experienced will resemble what we have experienced.
  • Referrs to a type of reasoning where if the premises are true the conclusion must be true.

4. What is a posteriori knowledge?

  • Referrs to truths that are not shown to be true by the meanings of the terms and need to be experienced to be known so are a posteriori and the predicate adds something to the subject.
  • Knowledge that is gained on the basis of eperinece, and I have good reason to support this knowledge as it comes from my experience.
  • Knowledge that is gained before experience that is based on thought or reason, one has a reason to think that the proposition is true.

5. What is a contingent truth?

  • Referrs to truths that might have been otherwise- depends on certain factors for truth, can be denied without contradiction.
  • Reffers to truths that are true in all possible worlds and all possible situations, is a priori and is only necessary if denying it would entail a logical contradiction.
  • Reffers to a type of reasoning based on the idea of the thing we have not yet experienced will resemble what we have experienced.

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