MLK

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  • Created by: emma why
  • Created on: 28-03-14 14:35
When was Selma, Alabama?
1965
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What did Martin Luther King say in the New York Times about Selma?
"There are more Negroes in jail with me than there are on the voting roll"
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How many people lived in Selma?
29,000
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What proportion of people in Selma were black, having to live with the segregated schools, buses, churches etc of the town?
Half
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How many times more was a white family's income than a black one in Selma?
Four times more
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In local news, how was there segregation?
Thew news of black people and white people was separate
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Despite SNCC campaign, how many blacks were registered to vote in Alabama?
23
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What happened to the Robert Kennedy Justice Department law suits?
Bogged down in court
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Had the Civil Rights Act of 1964 brought a great improvement in people's lives?
No
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Where did King lead would-be voters in Selma?
To register at the County Court house
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Despite a federal judge ruling, what happened when King led would-be voters to the County Courthouse?
No registration - event made headlines
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In Selma, who did troopers shoot?
A black youth trying to shelter his mother from a beating
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What did whites throw at black people trying to escape in Selma?
Venomous snakes
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What was an intention of events in Selma?
Tried to show brutality to media
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Which groups led a march from Selma to Montgomery?
SNCC and SCLC
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How many whites took part in the march from Selma to Montgomery?
Eighty whites
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Who were the key figures in Selma?
Martin Luther King, Selma's Sheriff Jim Clark, SCLC, southern whites and SNCC
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What was the importance of Selma's Sheriff Jim Clark in plans for Selma?
Hoped would act in brutal way as Eugene Connor did
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What was the fear among blacks regarding SCLC?
Fear would ignore them or leave too soon - SNCC had lost dynamism needed
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What is an example of one of the few southern whites to help, who joined SNCC and marched?
Bob Zellner
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What was state involvement in Selma?
Violence of state troopers who on march attacked marchers with clusb and tear gas.
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There was national criticism of Selma whites. What were events refererd to as?
'Bloody Sunday'
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What was the federal involvement in Selma?
Johnson asked King to call off the march
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What was King's involvement in Selma?
Announced Selma as symbol of resistance, led vosters, without informing SNCC got marchers to approach troopers then treat (SNCC felt betrayed), admitted wanted to be arrested to publicise lack of voting registration
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What was one of King's actions in Selma to gain publicity that could be criticised?
Held back men trying to stop Jim Clark from clubbing a black woman
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What did the historian Stephen Oates describe Selma as?
The civil rights movements' finest hour
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What did Selma lead to?
Sympathetic interracial marches in cities such as Chicago and Boston
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Would Johnson and Congress have been likely to deliver the Voting Rights Act without Selma?
No
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Why was SNCC publicly critical of SCLC actions in Selma?
For using people to make point, also felt betrayed as SCLC raised money in Selma and then left to spend it in the north, SNCC accused SCLC of hero worship of King
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What were the key consequences of Selma?
Helped get Voting Rights Act passed, King misread situation again and SNCC in particular felt let down, SNCC moved away from non-violence towards black power
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When was Watts, LA (California)?
1965
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What was Los Angeles classed as?
Away from the South
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When did riots break out in the Los Angeles Watts ghetto with black mobs setting fire to blocks of stores?
Friday 13th August 1965
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Watts ghetto
Traditionally where rap and hip hop originates, hundreds of thousands of people in south central LA.
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When there was riot in Watts who did local churchmen ask for help?
Martin Luther King, although he had been unable to intervene successfully in New York
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By 1965 what was King beginning to be seen as?
Out of touch
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What was King's view of why he went to Watts?
As a duty, not something he would relish as much as Birmingham
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What did King tell the press was the main problem in Watts?
Economic one
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Watts lead King to new ideas. He had previously believed that freedom in America was defined by sense of democratic right to vote. Now, how did King start to define freedom?
By economic equality rather than political
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What political views did King begin to turn to by 1965?
Socialism as wanted wealth distributed equally
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Why was there a change in focus after 1965?
De jure racism removed
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What were King's aims?
Racial equality, end to segregation, voting and civil rights
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Why did King believe aims achievable through peaceful protest?
As can claim the moral high ground with God and the black people on his side - minister
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What group did SCLC focus on?
Blacks in South
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What were King's achievements?
Leader of Montgomery Bus Boycott limited success, figurehead, set up SCLC, march on Wsahington, civil rights - equal in law after Civil Rights Act of 1964
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When did King achieve the Nobel Peace Prize?
1964
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When did King set up SCLC with the aim of improving black situation in South?
1957
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What did the young students of SNCC see King sa?
Coward as did not go on sit-ins of 1960 until persuaded by Atlantan students. Did not go on Freedom Rides -
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How did King try to change the perception that he didn't like danger?
Birmingham arrest
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How did the FBI try to tarnish MLK's reputation?
Details of his sexual activity and claims of affairs
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Why was Martin Luther King out of touch with many poor blacks?
Protestant middle class, 'proper' upbringing
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What was King saw as being often, instead of leader?
Led
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Who did MLK believe should work with?
White people such as JFK and Johnson
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What did Northern blacks think about working with white people?
Should take what need, not just wait to be given
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Martin Luther King say in the New York Times about Selma?

Back

"There are more Negroes in jail with me than there are on the voting roll"

Card 3

Front

How many people lived in Selma?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What proportion of people in Selma were black, having to live with the segregated schools, buses, churches etc of the town?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many times more was a white family's income than a black one in Selma?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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